Watergate

This essay Watergate has a total of 2076 words and 13 pages.

Watergate

Political scandals are not strangers to the United States. They date back as far as 1830,
with the presidential sex scandal and Thomas Jefferson, and in 1875 with the

Whiskey Ring and President Ulysses S.Grant (Time and Again 1). Today we have the

Iran-Contra affair with Ronald Reagan and Whitewater with Bill and Hillary

Clinton. Even with these, it can be argued that Watergate could possibly be the
worst scandal in the history of the United States.

Richard

Milihous Nixon was the 37th President of the United States, and the only

President to ever resign his office. He was born the second of five sons, in

Yorba Linda, California. His parents were Francis Anthony and Hannah Milhous

Nixon. His career started in 1945 when he accepted the candidacy for a seat in
the 12th congressional district which he won. He was elected to United States

Congress in 1946, he then entered into the Senate as the youngest member ever in

1951. Only a short two years later he became the second youngest vice-president
in history at the age of thirty nine. He served two terms as vice President
under President Dwight D. Eisenhower. In 1969 he won his bid for the

Presidency(Kinsella 3).

The

Iran-contra affair was more of a U.S. foreign policy affair. This scandal came
about in November of 1986 when President Ronald Reagan admitted to the selling
of arms to Iran. The overall goal was to improve relations with Iran, but it
soon came to light that it was more of a trade of arms for hostages deal. Later
it was found that some of the profits from the sale of the arms to Iran went to
the Nicaraguan "contra" rebels. On

Dec.24, 1992, President George Bush pardoned all the people involved with the
scandal and no charges were filed against Ronald Reagan (Iran-contra 1).

The
latest of all scandals is the Whitewater affair. The Whitewater affair is an
ongoing investigation into a bad Arkansas real-estate adventure in the late

1970, and its connection with the now defunct Arkansas savings and loan company,
and with President Bill Clinton and his wife Hillary. The Whitewater development
company started in 1979 and had the investors Bill Clinton, the Governor of

Arkansas, his wife Hillary Rodham Clinton, a attorney for the Rose law firm,

James B. McDougal the owner of the Madison Guaranty Savings and Loan. The group
purchased some land, which later turned out to be a bad venture. Sometime later
the savings and loan went bankrupt at a cost of sixty million dollars to the
taxpayers. There was allegations of the diversion of funds from Whitewater
through the Madison Saving and Loan to cover some of the campaign debts of the

Clinton\'s. There were also allegations of whether the Clinton\'s gained
income-tax benefits from the failure of Whitewater that they were not entitled
to. To date no charges have been filed against President Clinton or his wife

Hillary (Whitewater 1).

The
whole Watergate scandal, brought about charges of political bribery, burglary,
extortion, wiretapping, conspiracy, obstruction of justice, destruction of
evidence, tax fraud, and illegal use of the CIA and the FBI, campaign
contributions and taxpayers money for private matters. In all, more than 30
administration officials and other people in the Nixon administration pleaded
guilty or were found guilty of illegal acts (Time and Again 2).

The
term "Watergate" came from
the Watergate Hotel in Washington D. C. In addition to a hotel, the Watergate
complex houses many business offices, one, which was the headquarters for the

Democratic National Committee. It was here that the great scandal got its very
start (Farnsworth 1). In the early morning hours of June 17, 1972 a security
guard at the Watergate Hotel called police about a robbery. Later, five men were
arrested with evidence that linked them to the committee to re-elect the

President (NARA,1).
After the Watergate scandal had been uncovered, another group of illegal
activities came to light. It was found that in 1971 a group of White House
officials commonly called the "Plumbers" had been doing whatever they
deemed necessary to stop any leaks that were originating from the White House. A
grand jury later indicted John Ehrlichman and Special Counsel, Charles Colson
and others for the burglary and the break-in at the office of a psychiatrist to
get damaging material on Daniel Ellsberg, the person that had published
classified documents called the Pentagon Papers. It was also later discovered
that the Nixon administration had received large sums of illegal campaign funds
and used them to pay for political espionage and pay more than five hundred
thousand dollars to the five men that burglarized the Watergate Hotel
(Infopedia,1).

After
the Watergate

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Watergate scandal, Richard Nixon, Saturday Night Massacre, Archibald Cox, Watergate, Deep Throat, John Ehrlichman, Rose Mary Woods, Robert Bork, Carl Bernstein, Watergate timeline, Nixon White House tapes

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