Philosophy

Canterbury Tales By Chaucer And Medieval In the Prologue to the Caterbury Tales, Geoffrey Chaucer is almost always polite and respectful when he points out the foibles and weaknesses of people. He is able to do this by using genial satire, which is basically having a pleasant or friendly disposition while ridiculing human vices and follies. Chaucer also finds characteristics in the pilgrims that he admires. This is evident in the peaceful way he describes their attributes. The Nun is one of the
Catch 22 Joseph Heller satirizes, among other matters, red tape and bureaucracy in his first novel, Catch-22. The novel concerns itself with a World War II bombardier named Yossarian who suddenly realizes the danger of his position and tries various means to extricate himself from further missions. Yossarian is driven crazy by the Germans, who keep shooting at him when he drops bombs on them, and by his American superiors, who seem less concerned about winning the war than they are about gettin
Cather In The Rye And Pony Family The protagonist, Holden Caulfield, interacts with many people throughout J.D. Salinger’s novel The Catcher in the Rye, but probably none have as much impact on him as certain members of his immediate family. The ways Holden acts around or reacts to the various members of his family give the reader a direct view of Holden’s philosophy surrounding each member. How do Holden’s different opinions of his family compare and do his views constitute enough merit to be
Censorship Of Peter Noyes Erin Lowe- also author of many "outstanding" American History essays.... of which two are published somewhere here..... one about Peter Noyes, and another about Mercantilism..... "Books won\'t stay banned. They won\'t burn. Ideas won\'t go to jail... In the long run of history, the censor and the inquisitor have always lost. The only sure weapon against bad ideas is better ideas. The source of better ideas is wisdom. The surest path to wisdom is a liberal education." T
Chosen Description The action of The Chosen unfolds in the immigrant community of Williamsburg, Brooklyn, against the backdrop of World War II. It is seen through the eyes of Reuven Malter, a boy who would appear to have much in common with Danny, for they are both brilliant, Jewish, closely tied to their fathers, and near-neighbors who live only five blocks apart. Still, they attend separate yeshivas and inhabit very different worlds. A baseball league is begun. When Danny Saunders’ school pla
Civil Disobedience By Thoreau Philosophers, historians, authors, and politicians have spent centuries pondering the relationship between citizens and their government. It is a question that has as many considerations as there are forms of government and it is rarely answered satisfactorily. A relatively modern theorist, author Henry Thoreau, introduced an idea of man as an individual, rather than a subject, by thoroughly describing the way a citizen should live many of his works. He indirectly
Coleridge And The Explosion Of Voice Coleridge and the Explosion of Voice Coleridge is so often described in terms which are akin to the word, "explosive," and by all accounts he was at times an unusually dynamic,charismatic and unpredictable person. His writings themselves could also betermed "explosive" merely from their physical form; a fragmented mass, some pieces finished but most not, much of his writing subject to procrastination or eventual change of mind. Today I want to address a mome
Daedalus Myth And Portrait Of The Artist James Joyce’s A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man is a novel of complex themes developed through frequent allusions to classical mythology. The myth of Daedalus and Icarus serves as a structuring element in the novel, uniting the central themes of individual rebellion and discovery, producing a work of literature that illuminates the motivations of an artist, and the development of his individual philosophy. James Joyce chose the name Stephen Dedalus
Dante Alighieri Divine Comedy Dante\'s The Divine Comedy section of Purgatory is a depiction of Dante and his struggle to reach paradise. He is a character as well as a narrator. The purgatory section deals with the seven deadly sins and Dante\'s task of cleansing himself on his journey to heaven. He confronts many different people on his journey to self-righteousness, which help and guide him to his destiny. Accompanied by Virgil or reason as he is depicted, his quest is a hard journey with ma
Death Of Salesman By Loman Is it possible to control your whole life? Is there a way to know how your life will turn out before it happens? In the play of "Death of the Salesman" Willy Loman faces these questions. Willy Loman was a simple man who was a salesman. Since Willy thought that his life was so simple he thought that he could control everything to it. Willy Loman thought that he could control the aspect of his job, he thought he could control how successful his kids were going to be in
Disney World Disney World is seen as an artificial, programmed environment in the eyes of Susan Willis, a Duke University English professor (84). To her, the practice of amusement seems as catastrophic as the end of mankind. I disagree and believe that there is nothing wrong with amusement. In the words of Aristotle, "But to amuse oneself...seems right, for amusement is a sort of relaxation, and we need relaxation because we cannot work continuously" (Cahn, 124). Disney World offers venues for
Dorian Gray By Wilde "The content of the writing brings you directly into the author’s mind." In the novel, Dorian Gray, the author, Oscar Wilde, related the values during the 19th century through his characters. His personality and view of life is expressed through his novel-"Basil Hallward is what I think I am: Lord Henry what the world thinks of me: Dorian what I would like to be" On the surface, Dorian Gray is an example of a typical ideal aristocrat during the time which Oscar Wilde lived
Edgar Allan Poe For some class on some date with some professor The Influence of Family and Friends on Poe Over the course of Poe’s forty year stay on Earth, he was exposed early to several key people who would have a profound impact on his writings. Though this idea in and of itself is not uncommon in literature, for Poe it went far beyond being merely influenced. Beginning at age 3 when he lost his parents, Poe was subjected to a difficult life that would later play heavily in his works. Betw
Edgar Allen Poe Edgar Alan Poe was an American writer, known as a poet and most famous as the first master of the short story, especially tales of the mysterious and macabre. The literary merits of Poe\'s writings have been debated since his death, but his works have remained popular and many major American and European writers have professed their artistic debt to him. Born in Boston Massachusetts, Poe was orphaned in his early child hood. Raised by John Adam, A successful businessman of Richm
Edgar Allen Poe Many people label Edgar Allen Poe a horror writer, plain and simple others refer to Poe as the father of the detective story, but over all he‘s one Americas greatest writers. His ability of expressing the world in gothic ways, really captures the reader‘s attention. Even though he lead a tough life and was known as a sadistic drug addict and alcoholic, he still managed to produce great pieces of literature. Three of his greatest works were "The Tell Tale heart", "The Fall of the
Emerson And Self-Reliance Ralph Emerson wrote many journals and essays dealing with the subject of transcendentalism. One of his most famous works is the essay "Self-Reliance." In "Self-Reliance," Emerson hit on the idea that the individual should be completely reliant on God, and that every person has been put into their certain life and position by God and that the person needs to trust themselves. He said that God has put the power to handle things, think, and act into each individual and th
Emersonian Individualism Emerson\'s "transcendentalism" is essentially a romantic individualism, a philosophy of life for a new people who had overthrown their colonial governors and set about conquering a new continent by their own lights. Though Emerson is not a technical philosopher, the tendency of his thought is toward idealist metaphysics in which soul and intuition, or inspiration, are central. The new American experiment needed every idea within its reach. Taking a practical and democra
Emersonian Person The most Emersonian person that I have ever known would be with out a doubt be Frederick Jones. I spent two summers working with this man on the Linville River for the Kawana fishing club. In "Self Reliance# Emerson writes "Your genuine action will explain itself and will explain your other genuine actions. Your conformity explains nothing#. This is clearly a call for individuality in men. Though Frederick has probably never read or even heard of Ralph Waldo Emerson, his way o
Emerson\'s Philosophy Ralph Emerson wrote many journals and essays dealing with the subject of transcendentalism. One of his most famous works is the essay "Self-Reliance." In "Self-Reliance," Emerson hit on the idea that the individual should be completely reliant on God, and that every person has been put into their certain life and position by God and that the person needs to trust themselves. He said that God has put the power to handle things, think, and act into each individual and that t
Frankenstein By Mary Shelley This is an English book report on "Frankenstein" by Mary Shelley Frankenstein The story of Frankenstein by Mary Shelley is about a man who created something that messes with nature, and nature came back to mess with him because nature is more powerful than man. Victor Frankenstein was very interested in natural philosophy and chemistry and basically tried to play G-d by creating life. When he found the secret of activating dead flesh, he created a superhuman being c
Frankenstein By Mary Shelley The character named Victor in the book Frankenstein written by Mary Shelly, is a likeable figure. His demeanour on the whole was very pleasant as he grew from a boy into an adult. Victors passion for the sciences is very strong, and had stayed studious in his youth. Victors mother died when he was age 17, and that is when he decides that he will discover a way to rid the world of sickness and death, so people could stay with each other forever. Victor is a likeabl
Frankenstein By Mary Shelly In the story "Frankenstein," written by the author Mary Shelley, Victor Frankenstein decided that wanted to create a being out of people that were already dead. He believed that he could bring people back from the grave. Playing with nature in such a way would make him play the role of God. With Victor Frankenstein feeling that he had no true friends, the only relief he had of expressing his feeling was through letters to Elizabeth. Elizabeth was not Victors’ true si
Gawain And Green Knight As a contemporary American reader, it is all right to assume that the first scene in which the particular character is involved drastically shapes our opinion of characters in a particular novel or poem. Immediately we jump to conclusions about what is right and what is wrong, who is the good guy and who is the bad guy. In fact, once we get an initial impression from a character, it is unlikely that this opinion will change as we continue to read on, unless of course som
Grapes Of Wrath By Steinbeck The novel Grapes of Wrath by John Steinbeck, illustrates the hardships of the common man in great detail. The one aspect of this book that displays life as it exists in the hostile real-world is the third chapter, in which the human plight is displayed by a turtle, and his struggle to reach the other side of a road. As the turtle is about to reach his goal, it is returned to it\'s original location, but it does not waver in it\'s determination, and continues across
Great Gatsby And Illusion Dreams The Great Gatsby, a novel by F. Scott Fitzgerald, is about the American Dream, and the downfall of those who attempt to reach its illusionary goals. The attempt to capture the American Dream is central to many novels. This dream is different for different people, but in The Great Gatsby, for Jay, the dream is that through wealth and power, one can acquire happiness. To get this happiness Jay must reach into the past and relive an old dream and in order to do thi
Great Gatsby And Morality After the events of this story have unfolded, the narrator Nick, focuses on the man most like himself; Gatsby. Both Nick Carraway and Jay Gatz hail from the mid-west, where morals and the right way of getting ahead are instilled into them. They travel to New York, where the morals are paper-thin and everything seems turned upside down. The saps with morals stay in the ashheaps while the careless, foolhardy upper society do what they please. Nick stays true to the mid-w
Handmaid\'s Tale By Offred Early in ‘The Handmaid’s Tale’, Offred says, after having seen a group of Japanese women wearing short skirts, rather than the typical, compulsory dress of Gilead: "We are fascinated, but also repelled. They seem undressed. It has taken so little time to change our minds about things like this" This illustrates how the minds of the population have been manipulated to make them comply with the Government’s views. Like in most totalitarian societies, the Gilead Governme
Hard Times By Charles Dickens The book Hard Times written by Charles Dickens is a story about a Lancashire Mill Town in the 1840’s. The novel is divided into three books. Dickens titles the books accordingly to prepare the reader for what is about to come, and throughout the novel he shows the effects of the education system, the setup of the caste system, and the Industrial Revolution had on society through this small town of Coketown. The main characters of the novel show the English caste sy
Heart Of Darkness By Joseph Conrad In the novel Heart of Darkness by Joseph Conrad one of the major themes is the perversity of the Congo. What is good and evil in the European world becomes distorted and hazy in the heart of Africa. To the outside world white is good and black is evil; it is as simple as that. This philosophy is embodied in Marlow’s aunt, who believes that his job is to bring light into the land of darkness and to enlighten the savages. This idea, however, becomes corrupted wh
Hector And Achilles In The Iliad, many of the male characters display heroic characteristics consistent with the heroic warrior code of ancient Greece. They try to win glory in battle, yet are often characterized as having a distinctly human side. They each have certain strengths and weaknesses, which are evident at many times throughout the conflicts described in The Iliad. Prime examples of such characters are Achilles and Hector. These two characters have obvious differences in their approac
Herman Melville And Moby Dick I. Biographical Insights A. The culture this great author was a part of was the time in American history where inspiring works of literature began to emerge. It was also a time when American writers had not completely separated its literary heritage from Europe, partly because there were successful literary genius\' flourishing there. B. Herman Melville was born on August 1, 1819, he was the son of Allan and Maria Melville. During Herman\'s childhood he lived in th
Invisible Man By Ellison "Who the hell am I?" (Ellison 386) This question puzzled the invisible man, the unidentified, anonymous narrator of Ralph Ellison\'s acclaimed novel Invisible Man. Throughout the story, the narrator embarks on a mental and physical journey to seek what the narrator believes is "true identity," a belief quite mistaken, for he, although unaware of it, had already been inhabiting true identities all along. The narrator\'s life is filled with constant eruptions of mental tr
Invisible Man By Ralph Ellison "Who the hell am I" (Ellison 386)? This question puzzled the invisible man, the unidentified, anonymous narrator of Ralph Ellison\'s acclaimed novel, Invisible Man. Throughout the story, the narrator embarks on a mental and physical journey to seek what the narrator believes is "true identity," a belief quite mistaken, for he, although unaware of it, had already been inhabited by true identities all along. Ellison, in Invisible Man, uses the main characters invisi
Jack Kerouac Jack Kerouac was a poet who focused on the forgotten people of the world. Wherever he traveled he found the places nobody wanted to find and turned the un-pretty into magnificent poetry. Kerouac used the people no one wanted to remember and turned them into poetic works of art. Jack Kerouac’s life was filled with adventure and self-destruction. Born on March 12, 1922, Kerouac grew up in the poor city of Lowell, Massachusetts. His life was tormented with poverty and alcoholism, firs
Jane Eyre And Mr Rochester Jane Eyre, written in 1847, is a novel written in autobiographical style about an orphan girl’s quest for love. The novel reflects contemporary life of that period and everything that happens is seen from Jane Eyre’s, the protagonists point of view. Although the story reflects the language, customs, and style of the Victorian period, the elements of mystery, emotions and struggles transcend time. The emotion of love is universal to all human beings and in not defined
Laughter In Austen "It is a truth universally acknowledged, that a single man in possession of a good fortune must be in want of a wife." What we read is just the opposite; a single woman must be in want of a man with a good fortune. In this first line of Jane Austen’s Pride and Prejudice we are at once introduced to language rich with satire. The comic tendencies displayed in the novel’s language introduce a theme very important to the novel—the character’s laughter and their attitudes towards
Literary Study For Dummies A Modified Version of R. L. McGuire\'s Passionate Attention: an introduction to literary study. Literature and criticism Authors basic assumption of a book- the reading and the study of literature cannot and do not take place outside the context of human values. One\'s unique personal experiences are from whence their values are formed. These values come to light as a reader reads or a writer writes. Literature is a record of specific personal perceptions: H. Read-"th
Lord Of The Flies By William Golding The classic novel Lord of the Flies by William Golding is an exciting adventure deep into the nether regions of the mind. The part of the brain that is suppressed by the mundane tasks of modern society. It is a struggle between Ralph and Jack, the boys and the Beast, good and evil. The story takes a look at what would happen if a group of British school boys were to become stranded on an island. At first the boys have good intentions, keep a fire going so th
Native Son By Right Bigger Thomas has been shaped by various forces. Forces that have changed the life completely for Bigger Thomas. In Native Son, Bigger Thomas seems to be composed of a mass of disruptive emotions rather than a rational mind joined by a soul. Bigger strives to find a place for himself, but the blindness he encounters in those around him and the bleak harshness of the Naturalistic society that Wright presents the reader with close him out as effectively as if they had shut a d
Oedipus Rex By Sophocles In "Oedipus the King," Sophocles concocts one of the most famous and intricate characters of Greek drama. A tragic hero, Oedipus\' desire for self-discovery and understanding inevitably leads to his tragic downfall. In the end, it can be seen that Oedipus\' tragic flaw is his own determination and persistence. Oedipus is a leader. He thrives on power and thirsts for control. It is interesting to note, however, that Oedipus does not abuse his power. Rather, Oedipus striv
Picture Of Dorian Gray Art, what is Art? It is an ambiguous matter: without an exact form, an exact meaning. Does it have any rules or restrictions? However, it can be a great influence on the lives of people. In the novel, The Picture of Dorian Gray, two lovers have fell in and out of love due to Art! Dorian Gray found Sibyl charming because of her Art! She has not merely art, consummate art-instinct in her, but she has personality also; and you have often told me that it is personalities, not
Pride And Prejudice By Jane Austen The tone of many novels is set within the first few lines or pages; the reader can also tell the author\'s style through diction detail, and syntax. Jane Austin\'s Pride and Prejudice is a novel such as this- Austin\'s opening sentence sets the tome for the rest of the book preparing the reader for her satirical treatment of regency manners and morals, the novel will become, learns her style of the novel, and it also sets up foreshadowing for the novel. "It is
Pygmallion By Alfred Doolittle In Act 3 we learned a lot more about the character and philosophy of Alfred Doolittle. He is strangely individualistic personally and very eloquent. He is representative of the social class of the "undeserving poor", which, means that he is not entitled to receive financial support from the government, since he is physically able to work. He lives only for the moment; from day to day. The money he gets he wastes on intoxicating himself, and he has no intentions of
Ralph Emerson And Transcendentalism The writings of Ralph Waldo Emerson dealt with three aspects of transcendental thought, which consisted of spiritual, philosophical, and literary content. In his time, Emerson imparted an influence upon his contemporaries and American literature. He explicitly encouraged other writers by his appeal for new American literature and new voices because America had failed to denounce European literature and produce its own literary scholarship. Emerson believed th
Ray Bradbury "Ray Bradbury is one of the immortals among us, whose classic works of science fiction, fantasy and horror will be read a thousand years from now by our descendents and the relatives alike of the planets of a thousand distant stars." ( Dragon*con, website). He’s won many awards for his writings and lectures, and I have no doubt in my mind that his writings will live on forever. "It was a special pleasure to see things eaten, to see things blackened and changed. With the brass nozzl
Rime Of The Ancient Mariner Samuel Taylor Coleridge\'s poem "The Rime of the Ancient Mariner," written in 1797, has been widely discussed throughout literary history. Although critics have come up with many different interpretations of this poem, one idea that has remained prevalent throughout these discussions is the apparent religious symbolism present throughout this poem. "The Ancient Mariner" contains natural, gothic, and biblical symbolism; however, the religious and natural symbolism, wh
Robert Frost Poems From the later 1800’s (1874) to the middle 1900’s (1963), Robert Frost gave the world a window to view the world through poetry. From "A Boy’s Will" to "Mountain Interval," he has explored many different aspects of writing. Giving us poems that define hope and happiness to poems of pure morbid characteristics; all of Robert Frost’s poems explain the nature of living. But why does Frost take two totally different views in his poems? Is it because of his basic temperament or co
Scarlet Letter Philosophy The book The Scarlet Letter is all about symbolism. People and objects are symbolic of events and thoughts. Throughout the course of the book, Nathaniel Hawthorne uses Hester, Pearl, and Arthur Dimmesdale to signify Puritanic and Romantic philosophies. Hester Prynne, through the eyes of the Puritans, is an extreme sinner; she has gone against the Puritan ways, committing adultery. For this irrevocably harsh sin, she must wear a symbol of shame for the rest of her life.
Stranger Philosophy "It has been said that Camus \'…was haunted with the notion that our world is a universe which has no place for us, in which our life makes no sense…" The Stranger reflects this philosophy in a myriad of ways. Mr. Meursalt is the main character. He seems to live in his own world, socializing with others, but not caring too deeply about what happens in his life. For example, when his mother died, his thoughts were, "Mother died today. Or, maybe yesterday; I can\'t be sure" (Pp
Taliesin West By Wright Do you have a living room in your house? A carport? Does your house have an "open" floor plan? If so, then the way you live is being directly influenced by Frank Lloyd Wright\'s innovations in residential architecture (Copplestone 1). Frank Lloyd Wright was born in 1867 in southwestern Wisconsin of talented and dynamic parents; his father a preacher and musician, his mother a teacher. From his father, Wright learned how the order and structure of music had influenced his