1984 And Brave New World

In Orwell’s Nineteen Eighty-Four and Huxley’s Brave New World, the
authoritative figures strive for freedom, peace, and stability for all, to
develop a utopian society. The Utopian society strives for a perfect state of
well-being for all persons in the community, and over-emphasizes this factor,
where no person is exposed to the reality of the world. As each novel progresses
we see that neither society possesses family values nor attempts to practice
them. Neither are passionate nor creative in factors such as love, language,
history and literature. Our society today, in general, is unsure about the
future: The nightmare of total organization has emerged from the safe, remote
future and is now awaiting us, just around the next corner. It follows
inexorably from having so many people. This quotes represents Watts’ fear for
the future; George Orwell and Aldous Huxley both explore the future state of
civilization in their novels. They both warn us of the dangers of a totalitarian
society. Both books express a utopian ideal, examine characters that are forced
into this state and are compelled to dealing with this society and all the rules
involved. The impracticality of the utopian ideal is explored in Orwell’s

Nineteen Eighty-Four and Huxley’s Brave New World. Both authors suggest that a
lack of familial bonds, the repression of human individuality, and the
repression of artistic and creative endeavors in order to attain a stable
environment renders the achievement of a perfect state unrealistic. The lack of
familial bonds, in both novels, contributes to the development of a dystopian
society. This lack of familial bonds is evident through genetic engineering, the
use of names, and a commonly used drug, soma. One of the first mentionings of
family in Brave New World is when the main character, Bernard, asks the

Controller, the ultimate leader, about the past and why their society does not
believe in families. His response suggests that authoritative figures do not
believe that there is need for a mother in society and therefore, the Controller
responds, "Mother, he repeated loudly rubbing in the science; and, leaning
back in his chair, these, he said gravely are unpleasant facts; I know it. But
then most historical facts are unpleasant." The disregard for mothers as a
valuable figure in life contributes to the lack of familial bonds. In Huxley’s

Brave New World, human life is conceived in a bottle; the embryo no longer grows
in the mother’s womb, and therefore no bond is formed between the mother and
the baby. There are ‘bottle births’ rather than the birth of a baby from
it’s mother. There are also conditioning centers, which become a home for all
children for their entire childhood. In such circumstances, one does not receive
the special attention that you would receive from a family. Since they do not
have family, they do not receive love during their upbringings, therefore the
products of this society do not develop the values of love nor do they respect
themselves as sexual beings. Orwell’s choice in naming the Party’s leader,
‘Big Brother’ in Nineteen Eighty-Four, gives the reader the impression that
all of Oceania is like a huge family. There are no smaller individual families,
which results in this society’s lack of close and intimate relationships. The
first description Orwell gives to his audience of Big Brother is, "
...standing like a rock against the hordes of Asia...doubt about his very
existence, seemed like some sinister enchanter, capable by the mere power of his
voice of wrecking the structure of civilization." This first impression of
‘Big Brother’ is a frightening and violent image. It leads families to
believe that he is a poor role-model in depicting what the word ‘brother’
really stands for. "The word ‘brother’ is the name that one would use in a
family. The Big Brother, the Great Leader in Oceania, contributes to the lack of
family values and the corruptness of the Party. It is not a justice
comparison." Using Big Brother’s name so often takes away from the family
ideal and begins to weaken family relationships. The use of soma, the perfect
drug, acts as a negative replacement for familial bonds. When an individual
cannot cope with the daily stresses of life they rely on soma, to turn their
stress into an illusion. This acts as a substitute to dealing with their
problems, rather than relying on family for support or advice. Soma is an"euphoric, narcotic, pleasantly hallucinant... a holiday from reality." It
leaves the individual with unresolved issues and results in an illusioned life;
this is not fair to the family, who has to deal with