1984 By Orwell And Totalitarian Society
Living in a society with limited freedom of expression is not, in any case,
enjoyable. A Totalitarian society is a good example of such a society, because
although it provides control for the people, it can deny them a great deal of
freedom to express themselves. The fictional society in George Orwell\'s

"1984" stands as a metaphor for a Totalitarian society. Communication,
personal beliefs, and individual loyalty to the government are all controlled by
the inner party, which governs the people of Oceania in order to keep them from
rebelling. Current society in America is much more democratic. It contrasts with

Orwell\'s society of 1984 because communication, personal beliefs and the
people\'s loyalty to the government are all determined by the individual. In
order to keep the people of Oceania in conformity with the desires of the
governing Inner Party; the Inner Party controls several aspects of the people\'s
lives. Communication, for one, is controlled for the benefit of the nation.

Newspeak is a modified version of language that is enforced upon the people in
order to limit their expression. Syme and Winston, two middle-class workers in

Oceania, discuss the concept of Newspeak. Syme reveals that he supports the
system, demonstrating how he has been brainwashed by the Inner Party who
enforces the system. "It\'s a beautiful thing, the destruction of words...

You haven\'t a real appreciation for Newspeak, Winston... Don\'t you see that the
whole aim of Newspeak is to narrow the range of thought? In the end we shall
make thougtcrime literally impossible, because there will be no words in which
to express it. (p. 46)" One can detect from this quotation that the people
of Oceania, as a group, have been brainwashed by the Inner Party to use only

Newspeak. Syme, for one, understands the purpose of it, and he still complies
with the system because he has been trained to do so. The concept of Newspeak is
designed to control personal beliefs of the citizens by limiting their form of
expression as Syme explains. But when the governing system is not followed,

Thought Police are used to prevent thoughts that oppose the nation. "How
often, or on what system, the Thought Police plugged in on any individual wire
was guesswork. It was even conceivable that they watched everybody all the time.
(p. 6)" There is no doubt that - through both Newspeak and Thought Police -
the system of government in "1984" has adequately prevented the people from
thinking against it. When all this surveillance is placed on the people, they
learn to comply with their country and eventually begin to value it
automatically. At the end of the story, after Winston is accused by the Thought

Police of thoughtcrime and is tortured, he finally conforms to the general
thoughts of Oceania. "He had finally won the victory over himself. He loved

Big Brother. (p. 245)" This quote indicates that the inner party has done
everything that was necessary to preserve Winston\'s loyalty to the nation. Even

Winston, who at one time was against his government, has now been
"fixed" to support it and love his leader. The government of Oceania
has gone to great lengths to change Winston\'s mind, and as always, they have
gotten what they desire. America in 1999 is much different from Orwell\'s 1984
because, for one, freedom of expression is a dominating factor in American
communication. In conversation as well as newspapers and magazines, a variety of
views and opinions are openly expressed. Censorship is not enforced to a high
degree. As an example, demonstrations and protests are often held which counter
certain governmental policies; laws or propositions are often spoken out against
in public. The fact that these rebellious actions are not punished by the
government proves that the government of America is much more lenient than that
of "1984". The expression of such a variety of beliefs comes from the
freedom of individual beliefs. The government does not maintain the thoughts and
opinions of the individual; the government does not have a system to control the
thoughts of the individual. This is why one commonly sees such a variety of
beliefs and ideas spread in advertisements and media. For instance, while there
are often advertisement for meat, leather or fur products in magazines and such,
other advertisements often try to suggest a more humane treatment of animals,
therefore contradicting the idea that animals should be killed for human
consumption. The modern American government fully allows any given belief of the
individual people. And because our beliefs vary, our opinion of the government
can vary. While some people