Abortion And Society
Since the Darwinian Revolution of the 19th century our society has turned upside
down. Everything under the sun had become questionable, the origin of life, how
we came to be, where are we headed and what to do in the here all became
questions in life. But one of the greatest impacts of this new age thinking is
its effect on our Old World values. Western societies values, morals and ethics
became debatable, with some people striving for change and others clinging for
stability. Battle lines had been drawn and the Liberals and Conservatives were
ready to duke it out on a number of issues. One of these debates centers on a
womanís right to have and abortion. According to the Websterís dictionary
and abortion is defined as a miscarry, something misshapen or unnatural. An
abortion is a procedure in which an embryo or fetus is prohibited from
developing by artificial means. One could argue that this is next to murder. How
can we as a society sanction the murdering of developing babies? Also it can
equally be stated that abortion is unnatural and a health hazard to women who
have undergone the procedure. Whatever the case, abortion should be outlawed
because it is immoral and mothers should face the responsibilities of their
actions. Many arguments can be used in order to put an end to abortion or at
least in order to establish dialogue. One of the oldest arguments against
abortion is the religious standpoint. Western society (Canada & U.S.A.) is
historically a Judeo-Christian culture with Judeo-Christian values. Although in
recent times we have become an increasingly pluristic society the Old World
thinking is still at the heart of our social relations and laws. The Bible says

"Thou shalt not kill" thus prohibiting people from harming others or
themselves. Abortion and its advocates violate this law. They seek to change one
of the most fundamental values of our society. Pro-choice under this stance is
equated with murder and "playing God". One may raise the question, how can a
minority inflict its views of the majority? According to Francis X. Meenan, this
is a false assumption. He goes on to claim that those who favor abortion on
demand are the real minority (Bender & Leone, 97). He also claims that the
issue of abortion is a moral debate and cannot be settled by numbers. So even if
pro-choice advocates outnumbered pro-life advocates, this would prove or settle
nothing (Bender & Leone, 97). This stance claims that we should focus more
on moral principals and eradicate the practice of abortion in our society. The

Biblical understanding of life isnít the only religious argument that opposes
abortion and its practice. Buddhism, Hinduism, Islam and many other world faiths
have a similar stance on the topic at hand. Hinduism claims that the soul enters
the embryo at the time of conception and abortion should hence be outlawed
except in the case of rape or incest. Buddhism takes a similar stance and claims
abortion is "murdering", yet also states that each case should be
individually analyzed. Islam considers abortion as a moral crime and sees life
(its start finish) as the jurisdiction of God. Islamic law states that abortion
is illegal except in those situations in which the womanís life is in
jeopardy. The question that arises after examining these numerous perspectives
is how can these practices which violate or threaten our fundamental beliefs be
tolerated? The critics of the ant-abortion perspective, "pro-choice", have
arguments of their own. First and foremost they argue that biblical law and its
perspectives are codes of life for believers and in a pluralistic society this
view shouldnít be a reference or a deciding factor. One could imagine how it
would be to have another foreign view imposed on us so why would anyone impose
their views on others or the society at large? Other pro-choice arguments have
went to claim that abortion isnít immoral because morality is subjective hence
people decide on their own what is moral or immoral. According to Daniel C.

Maguire, even religious people can disagree on abortion. One ground for going
against religion as an argument against abortion is the fact that the Church is
dominated by male influence (bender & Leone, 101). Maguire wants to know how
and why men have the authority to dictate what women decide to do with their
bodies (Bender & Leone, 101). Is it "life" they seek to protect or is it
the female "sexuality" they wish to control? The Catholic Code of Canon
excommunicates one for aborting a fertilized egg, but not