Adventures Of Huck Finn And Society
"All modern American literature comes from one book by Mark Twain called

Huckleberry Finn," according to Ernest Hemingway. Along with Ernest, many
others believe that Huckleberry Finn is a great book, but is the novel
subversive? Since this question is frequently asked, people have begun to look
deeper into the question to see if this novel is acceptable for students in
schools to read. First off subversive means something is trying to overthrow or
destroy something established or to corrupt (as in morals). According to Lionel

Trilling, " No one who reads thoughtfully the dialectic of Huck's great
moral crisis will ever again be wholly able to accept without some question and
some irony the assumptions of the respectable morality by which he lives, or
will ever again be certain that what he considers the clear dictates of moral
reason are not merely the engrained customary beliefs of his time and
place." Trilling feels that Huck Finn is such a subversive character that
this will not make people believe in something totally again, because they will
fear being wrong like the society in Huckleberry Finn was. I believe this and I
think the subversion in the novel is established when Mark Twain begins to
question the acceptable morality of society. Twain uses humor and effective
writing to make Huckleberry Finn a subversive novel about society in the 19th
century. Huck Finn, a boy referred to as "white trash," is a boy that
has grown up believing totally what society as taught him. This passage shows an
example of how society teaches him. "...And keep them till they're
ransomed." "Ransomed? What's that?" "I don't know. But
that's what they do. I've seen it in the books, and so of course that's what
we've got to do." "Well how can we do it if we don't know what it
is?" "Why, blame it all, we've got to do it. Don't I tell you it's in
the books? Do you want to go to doing different from what's in the books, and
get things all muddled up?" (8-9) This is a conversation between Tom Sawyer
and his gang of robbers. This shows how the boys are influenced by society and
believe they most follow exactly what is in the books, because that is the right
way to do things. In today's society, ransoming someone is a huge crime and is
totally unacceptable. In this book, Twain makes ransoming a humorous issue. In
fact, throughout the novel Twain makes violence a humorous issue and does not
act upon it as a serious issue. This goes with the whole theme of the novel that
there is no moral. The way Huck has been raised, he has no clue that what Tom's
gang wants to do is ludacrist, and should be totally unacceptable. Twain uses
this conversation also to show the beginning of questioning throughout the
novel. This will show a pattern of how Huck questions things to learn. Whatever

Hucks hears, he believes is the right and acceptable answer. Tom's Gang of

Robbers was a part of humorous violence in the novel, but Huck would run into
real violence as well. Huck faked his death, and headed down the river, and he
decides to go ashore and stays with a stranger family named the Grangerfords.

The Grangerfords who were a very nice family, but a family that was obsessed
with death. The Grangerfords and another family called the Sheperdson's have had
a feud going on for 30 years, but no one knows why. "What's a feud?"
"Why, where was you raised? Don't you know what a feud is?"
"Never heard of it before-tell me about it." "Well," says

Buck, "a feud is this way: A man has a quarrel with another man, and kills
him; and then that other man's brother kills him; then the other brothers, on
both sides, goes for one another; then the cousins chip in-and by and by
everybody's killed off, and there ain't no more feud. But's it's kind of slow,
and takes a long time." "Has this one been going on long Buck?"
"Well I should reckon! It started thirty year ago, or som'ers along there.

There was trouble 'bout something and then a lawsuit to settle it; and the suit
went agin one of the men, so he up and shot the man that won the suit-which he
would naturally do of course. Anybody would." (108) This conversation is a
very important role in determining if this novel is subversive or not. The

Sheperdsons and Grangerfords never question the principle of a