Albrecht Durer
Albrecht Durer was born in Nurembourg in May 21, 1471. His father, Albrecht

Durer was a goldsmith, he had come from Germany to Nurembourg in 1455 and
married Barbara Holper. Barbara\'s father was Albrecht\'s master. Albrecht was his
father\'s third son. He was named Albrecht because of a family tradition which he
has been the third representative so far. Albrecht had three brothers named

Laszlo, Albrecht, and Ajtos. Albrecht was apprenticed to his father at the age
of 13. His father introduced him to the working with metal and the use of tools
with laid the ground work for his skill of engraving. He also learned painting
from his father at the age of 13. He preferred to draw and paint than to
goldsmithing. He painted a self portrait of himself at 13. This self-portrait
took the careful and the accurate work of all of the details to some him his
artistic talent.- In 1486, Albrecht\'s father sent him to learn painting and wood
working from Michael Wolgemut. Michael Wolgemut was a spectacular painter and
woodcut illustrator. In Michael W.\'s busy shop Albrecht learned the fundamentals
of drawing, painting, and wood cutting. Albrecht also helped Micheal W. make
some illustrations for books. Michael W. probably took Albrecht to the

Netherlands, Basel, Stratsbourg, and in 1492 to Colmar in Alsace. Albrecht spent
so much time with him he called him his second father. His main attraction was
to see the master, Martin Schongauer. Who at the time was the leading German
graphic artist of the time. On the way there Albrecht found out the master had
died. On his arrival Martin\'s brothers showed him prints, drawings, and

Schongauer\'s perfect engraving\'s from the master\'s workshop. The prints,
drawings, and engraving\'s had a big influence on Albrecht\'s work. Albrecht then
went to Basel to stay with another brother of Schongauer, who conducted a
goldsmith workshop there. Basel was the center of graphic production and book
publishing at the time. In Basel Albrecht made many contacts and contributed a
signed woodcut for the title page of the Letters of St. Jerome. The success he
had from this woodcut probably led to another commission in Basel. In the fall
of 1493, Albrecht went to Stratsbourg where he continued to work for publishers.

In the end of May 1494 Albrecht returned to Nurembourg. In July 7, 1494 the 23
year old painter married Agnes Frey. Agnus was the daughter of a merchant. Not
long after his marriage in the fall of 1494 he took his first trip to Italy.

This visit enabled him to see his good friend Willard Pirckheimer who introduced

Albrecht to humanist thought and classical literature. Albrecht spent most of
his time of his first trip in Venice, Italy. There he met Jacopo de\'Barbari.
de\'Barbari whose figures constructed to geometrical methods and proportions
inspired Albrecht to live a lifelong study of theoretical writings. In Venice,

Albrecht made drawings of exotic figures, animals, and did nature studies. On
the ride home Albrecht made a abundant use of his water colors painting the
landscape around the Alps. Albrecht returned to Nurembourg by the summer of

1495. With the return of his trip he produced a large amount of paintings and
engraving\'s. Albrecht used the medium of engraving because that reflected his
theoretical interests. From about 1500 Albrecht\'s concern for the problems of
proportion and perspective increased. This action was probably caused by the
fresh contacts with the Italian works and study of Vitruvius. In 1502, after a
long period of weakness Albrecht\'s father had died. His fathers death had shaken
him up a tremendously. Soon after that Albrecht suffered from depression fits
and tormenting dreams.‚ His appetite for work had not been impaired due to his
father. He continued to work like nothing had happened. The Adam and Eve
painting in 1504 showed a lot of his techniques of engraving and the
construction of geometrical methods of male and female figures. The painting

Paumgartner Altarpiece shows a proportional emphasis on the view of proportions.

Throughout Albrecht\'s career he produced portraits of family, friends and
patrons. Albrecht painted 2 important self-portraits called Prado Madrid and

Alte Pinakothek, Munich. In 1505, Albrecht drew Crowned Death on a Thin Horse,
the plague epidemic inspired this painting. Because of this plague Albrecht
immediately departured from Italy in the summer of 1505. At the age of 34 he was
fully matured and successful with his career. After Albrecht stopped in Augsburg
he went to Venice to develop his painting style. Although many people admired
his paintings they said he was not as "antique" enough. Only Giovanni

Bellini commended him of his