Alcoholism

Alcoholism, Alcohol is liquid distilled product of fermented fruits, grains and
vegetables used as solvent, antiseptic and sedative for potential abuse.

Possible effects are intoxication, sensory alteration, and anxiety reduction.

Symptoms of overdose staggering, odor of alcohol on breath, loss of
coordination, slurred speech, dilated pupils, fetal alcohol syndrome in babies,
and nerve and liver damage. Withdrawal Syndrome is first sweating, tremors then
altered perception, followed by psychosis, fear, and finally auditory
hallucinations. Indications of possible miss-use are confusion, disorientation,
and loss of motor nerve control, convulsions, shock, shallow respiration,
involuntary defecation, drowsiness, respiratory depression and possible death.

Alcohol is also known as Booze, Juice, Brew, Vino, and Sauce. Most people know
why alcohol is abused some reasons are relaxation, sociability, and cheap high.

Alcohol is a depressant that decreases the responses of the central nervous
system. Alcoholism is a disease that has been destroying people’s lives
mentally, physically and emotionally throughout the entire world since the early

18th century. Sometimes people get the idea that alcohol abuse and alcoholism
are the same thing. The National Council on Alcoholism says "Alcohol

Abuse" a problem to solve. Alcoholism a disease to conquer. Alcohol Abuse is
the misuse of the substance, alcohol. You know you are abusing an alcoholic
substance when you continue to use it, even though you\'re having social or
personal problems because of your use. You still use it even though it\'s causing
you physical problems. Using it the way you do is causing you legal problems.

You don\'t live up to major responsibilities on the job or in your family.

Alcoholism is being addicted, or dependent on alcohol. You may be dependent on
alcohol if any three of the following are true. You have to use larger and
larger amounts of it to get drunk. You have withdrawal when you try to stop or
cut down. You use it much more and for longer times than you really want to. You
can\'t seem to cut back and feel a strong need or craving for it. You spend a lot
of your time just getting the substance. You\'d rather use than work or be with
friends and family. You keep using, no matter what. The National Council on

Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism estimates based on research, that a Blood Alcohol

Concentration between .02 and .04 makes your chances of being in a
single-vehicle fatal crash 1.4 times higher than for someone who has not had a
drink. If your BAC is between .05 and .09, you are 11.1 times more likely to be
in a fatal single vehicle crash, and 48 times more likely at a BAC between .10
and .14. If you\'ve got a BAC of .15, your risk of being in a single-vehicle
fatal crash is estimated to be 380 times higher than a non-drinker\'s. Recent
research is showing that true substance dependence may be caused, in part, by
brain chemistry deficiencies. That is one reason that substance dependence is
considered a disease. Excessive drinking can cause liver damage and psychotic
behavior. As little as two beers or drinks can impair coordination and thinking.

Alcohol is often used by substance abusers to enhance the effects of other
drugs. Alcohol continues to be the most frequently abused substance among young
adults. Alcohol abuse is a pattern of problem drinking that results in health
consequences, social, problems, or both. However, alcoholism refers to a disease
that is characterized by alcohol-seeking behavior that leads to the loss of
control while drinking. Short-term effects of alcohol use include distorted
vision, hearing, and coordination. Long-term effects of heavy alcohol use
include: loss of appetite, vitamin deficiencies, stomach ailments, skin
problems, sexual impotence, liver damage, heart and central nervous system
damage. Using alcohol to escape problems, a change in personality, turning from

Dr. Jekyl to Mr. Hyde, a high tolerance level blackouts, sometimes not
remembering what happened while drinking, problems at work or in school as a
result of drinking, concern shown by family and friends about drinking. As with
other diseases, there is the possibility of taking medicine to get better. There
is now promising evidence that taking medicine can correct some of the
deficiencies that may cause drug dependence. It is beginning to look like a
combination of the right medicine along with talking therapy and behavior
therapy, will help us treat this disease, as we have never before been able to.

One drug is Naltrexone, sometimes known as ReVia. Fluoxetine (Prozac) and

Desipramine (Norpramin) have also shown promise. Alcohol abuse is also a serious
medical and social problem, but is not the same as alcoholism. Alcohol abuse is
the intentional overuse of alcohol. This includes