Banking Concept Of Education

A brief analysis of "The Banking Concept of Education" There have always
been numerous theories in relationship to the inadequacy of our education system
here in the United States, as well as elsewhere in the world. The education of
our children does not seem to be working and ahs also become a very complex and
confusing subject, as many immigrants move into the country requiring special
language instruction, unnecessary classes such as art and music are removed,
adequate funding for materials is harder to obtain, and children live in fear of
violence within their classrooms. These are the main concerns of the educational
system today, but these may well not be the real problems within the schools. It
may be that education has never allowed children to think for themselves, and
the problems we are experiencing today are hard felt due to the fact that
correct education was not implemented long ago. The subject of inadequate
education is the subject of Paulo Freire’s essay "The ‘Banking’ Concept
of Education." While he does not address the specific realities previously
mentioned, the finger he points at the method of educating clearly indicates
that this may well be a reality in our country, as well as others. Freire’s
essay details a most fascinating concept of education called "banking." He
illustrates how the teachers come tot he education system, intent on filling the
childrens’ heads with all the information they assume the children don’t
know. It is like there is spare room in the child’s brain and it must be
filled, like money fills up the bank. Freire states that "Education thus
becomes an act of depositing, in which the students are the depositories and the
teacher is the depositor. Instead of communicating, the teacher issues communiquйs
and makes deposits which the student patiently receive, memorize, and repeat"
(208). In further examination of his theory he presents the following attitudes
which clearly detail the various aspects of education covered in his essay: a.
the teacher teaches and the students are taught; b. the teacher knows everything
and the students know nothing; c. the teacher thinks and the students are
thought about; d. the teacher talks and the students listen-meekly; e. the
teacher disciplines and the students are disciplined; f. the teacher chooses and
enforces his choice, and the students comply; g. the teacher acts and the
students have the illusion of acting through the action of the teacher; h. the
teacher chooses the program content, and the students (who were not consulted)
adapt to it; i. the teacher confuses the authority of knowledge with his own
professional authority, which he sets in opposition to the freedom of the
students; j. the teacher is the Subject of the learning process, while the
pupils are mere objects (209). Freire continues in this vein and thoroughly
illustrates how these assumptions truly are a part of most educational systems.

But he also provides a different perspective as well. But in offering the most
effective method of moving from the obvious banking mold, he claims that "one
does not liberate men by alienating them," indicating that these individuals
who see his reasoning would do well to clearly attempt to change the education
system, rather than openly oppose them, as is seen in many cases involving
education where groups instill their own methods in a very alienating manner.

This can be seen in many Christian schools as well as in home schooling, which
is seen, by the majority of the society, as an incredibly alienating and self
gratifying mode of education. In Freire’s proposal he illustrates that

"Those truly committed to liberation must reject the banking concept in its
entirety, adopting instead a concept of men as conscious beings, and
consciousness as consciousness intent upon the world. They must abandon the
educational goal of deposit-making and replace it with the posing of problems of
men in their relationship with the world" (213). This idea of consciousness is
incredibly enlightening in relationship to education, which is obviously not
succeeding in its present condition in our country. And in relationship to other
countries, this type of education, i.e. banking, can easily be spotted. Hong

Kong offers a prime example of such banking education practices today. While the
past educational system of Hong Kong may well have been different, today there
is a very heavy communist influence which has greatly effected the education
system. Even such a simple reality such as all subjects being taught in English,
to adequately prepare Hong Kong children for higher education in reputable
colleges, is being replaced with native tongue. While this could be seen as
loosening the bonds