Boeing
The

Boeing 700ís are very capable of handling duties in the commercial and
military world. The Boeing 700ís are capable of handling many tasks in the
commercial and military world. With the introduction of the 707 in the late
fifties to the most recent 777 in the early nineties the, 700ís have dominated
the commercial world for five decades. They are a line of aircraft that are
capable of handling many roles from basic civilian transport to various military
needs. They are the people movers of the 20th century. Each with a large
carrying capacity combined with the range of a jet aircraft they have moved more
people longer distances than what was once thought possible. Boeing has truly
produced some of the greatest aircraft in history. The various duties that the

700ís perform are quite extraordinary. It all started in the fifties. There
was a growing demand for a commercial airliner that could move a greater number
of people farther and faster. The age of the jet engine still had not reached to
civilian transportation. There was still a fear of the jet because of lack of
reliability, but with the advancement of technology the jet engine now had
become more even reliable than the piston engine. The need for a jet engine
powered plane was growing. Airlines still were looking for a plane that could
cross the Atlantic Ocean without a refueling stop. The Lockheed Super Connies, a
piston powered plane, were able to cross the Atlantic Ocean with out stopping on
the eastbound leg, but they had to stop in Gander, Newfoundland to refuel on the
westbound leg. The airlines desired a plane that could easily travel the

Atlantic with out a stop. The piston engine just wasnít going to do it, the
jet engine was the answer to the question. Boeing realized this and moved to
look for a design for a jet powered plane. At first Boeing was looking to modify
existing aircraft with jet engines to perform the tasks. They quickly realized
that they needed a whole new aircraft. The Boeing 707 was born. The first Boeing

707 was delivered to Pan America airlines in May of 1958 (Bauer, 218). Sales
started out slow in fact the 707 almost died many times in itís first couple
years of existence. It wasnít until Boeing modified the 707 by increasing the
overall length, the wing span, and adding more powerful engines did the 707
confirm its place in as a commercial transporter. With the new modifications the

707 became a very capable aircraft, crossing the Atlantic Ocean became a routine
affair. With the introduction of the 707 transatlantic travel doubled in two
years (Bauer, 195). Airlinesí profitability soared due to the new capabilities
of the 707 presented. The 707 began a new era and improved the way people are
flown. The 707 being the first major jet airliner saw many applications and
variations in itís lifetime. There were thirteen variations of the 707, they
varied in capacity, range, and speed (Wright,49). Each variation was designed to
meet a specific needs of an individual airline. Some 707ís could carry a
larger capacity of passengers over a shorter distance, were as another variant
could carry fewer passengers over a longer distance. With all of these
variations the 707 left little room for the Douglas DC-8 which was once though
to be a major treat to Boeing. The 707 could meet any need of an airline; this
is one reason that made the 707 such a versatile aircraft and why it dominated
the market. The 707 also saw plenty of action in uniform. Itís most useful
application came in the way of the KC-135 Stratotanker. It was modified to
perform in-flight refueling task for the United States Air Force. The 707 saw a
healthy lifespan as the KC-135, of the 735 units build in the early sixties 550
still remain in service today (www.Boeing.com). The 707 also had the very
privileged role of presidential transport. As Air Force One it started its
career in 1962 and served seven Presidents. It was only to be replace by one of
itís bigger brothers the Boeing 747. Another of one of itís more interesting
applications was that of the "Vomet Come" a modified KC-135 to make large
in-flight arcs to provide a weightless environment to train NASA astronauts.

Altogether the 707 and its derivatives saw many varied and interesting
applications. With the 707 fulfilling the needs for a long range jetliner there
was a demand by the airline industry for a short to medium range jet. A jet that
was designed for short-range