Brave New World And 1984
Imagine a world in which people are produced in factories, a world lost of all
freedom and individuality, a world where people are exiled or "disappear"
for breaking the mold. Both 1984 by George Orwell and Aldous Huxley’s Brave

New World are startling depictions of such a society. Although these novels are
of fictional worlds, control of the future may be subtly evolving and becoming
far worse than Huxley or Orwell could ever have imagined. Each society destroys
the freedom of the individual through various controlling methods such as the
denial of language and literature, a caste system and conditioning. One way in
which each society controls is by limiting the language and literature of every
citizen. In 1984, a language called Newspeak is devised in order to narrow all
thought into one mode. There are three categories of Newspeak vocabulary: A, B
and C. The A vocabulary consists of words used in everyday life to express
simple thoughts. The B vocabulary includes words meant for political usage,
forcing a particular mental state on the person using the vocabulary. Finally,
the C vocabulary is based solely on technical and scientific words, constructed
of only strict and rigid meanings. Individual thought is completely impossible
because the constricted vocabulary is intended to include only principles of the

Newspeak language. The vocabulary is constructed so that words of unorthodox
meaning such as "individual freedom" are eliminated all together. Newspeak
is designed to douse the flame of thought and idea, while encouraging collective
ideas. Over time, Newspeak destroys any variation of idea from the intention of
the "Party’s". Literature is also slowly altered so that the author’s
original meaning is lost to the meaning of the Newspeak language. Newspeak
translations seem to consume thoughts and memories much like a sponge absorbs
water. In the Brave New World, literature and art are taken away in order to
destroy individuality and freedom of thought. For as Mustapha Mond says, "It
isn’t only art that’s incompatible with happiness; it’s also science.

Science is dangerous; we have to keep it most carefully chained and muzzled"
(Huxley 231). The Controller has made thinking impossible by taking away all
science, art and religious based books. Literature, such as Shakespeare and the

Bible, that teaches old-fashioned morality and beliefs is non-existent in the
brave new world because people cannot understand its text. Consequently, by
banning literature the people cannot experience life to the fullest. Its colors
are dulled because the individual never has the chance to feel the vast spectrum
of life. Emotions like anger, sorrow, love, trust and caring do not exist. As
the Savage explains, he never knew he hated Pope until he felt the emotions
through the works of Shakespeare. Thus, by destroying forms of art, all emotions
are destroyed as well. Only happiness at its simplest state is spared, for blind
happiness is necessary for stability. As an individual, there comes an ability
to recognize and value what beauty truly is, such as the waves crashing upon a
shore or the innocence of a child. But with the denial of literature and
language, the individual is a mindless member of society. In each novel, a caste
system is developed in hopes of keeping each group separate from one another,
yet each individual alike. In the book 1984, there are three different social
classes: the Inner Party-the rich, the Outer Party-the middle class, and the

Proles-the poor. Each party plays a part in an endless cycle of control. The

Inner Party controls and is out of touch with the others. The Outer party
resents the Inner party’s superiority, while the Prolesare seemingly oblivious
to their destitute place in society. As the classes are detached and busy, the

Inner Party is free to create the future by destroying all evidence of the past.

For example, if an estimated 10 million shoes are to be produced that year and
only 5 million are actually produced, then they destroy all evidence of ever
having estimated 10 million. They find all newspapers including this information
and destroy them. The Ministry of Truth then prints a new estimate in the next
newspaper, stating they over-filled their quota. The caste system is a way of
manipulating the thoughts and actions of each group, thus limiting the power
they possess to realize their individualism. In Brave New World, each person is
chemically pre-determined and born into a certain class. There are several
castes beginning with the Alphas, the highest class, to the Epsilons, the lowest
class. Each person is merged into a certain social position in which they are
conditioned to be content. As