Brave New World And 1984

Although many similarities exist between Aldous Huxley\'s A Brave New World and

George Orwell\'s 1984, the works books though they deal with similar topics, are
more dissimilar than alike. A Brave New World is a novel about the struggle of

Bernard Marx, who rejects the tenants of his society when he discovers that he
is not truly happy. 1984 is the story of Winston who finds forbidden love within
the hypocrisy of his society. In both cases, the main character is in quiet
rebellion against his government which is eventually found to be in vain. Huxley
wrote A Brave New World in the third person so that the reader could be allotted
a more comprehensive view of the activities he presents. His characters are
shallow and cartoon-like (Astrachan) in order to better reflect the society in
which they are entrapped. In this society traditional notions of love and what
ideally should come out of it have long been disregarded and are now despised,
"Mother, monogamy, romance. High spurts the fountain; fierce and foamy the
wild jet. The urge has but a single outlet." (Huxley 41) The comparison to
a wild jet is intended to demonstrate the inherent dangers in these activities.

Many of the Brave New World\'s social norms are intended to \'save\' its citizens
from anything unpleasant through depriving them of the opportunity to miss
anything overly pleasant. The society values, ACOMMUNITY, IDENTITY,

STABILITY," (Huxley 1) supersede all else in a collective effort. Soma, the
magical ultimate drug is what keeps the population from revolting. "What
you need is a gramme of soma... All the advantages of Christianity and alcohol;
none of their defects." The drug is at the forefront of their daily lives
providing freedom Superczynski 2 from life\'s every ill. "The word comes
from the Sanskrit language of ancient India. It means both an intoxicating drink
used in the old Vedic religious rituals there and the plant from whose juice the
drink was made- a plant whose true identity we don\'t know." (Astrachan) The
drug is used as a form of recreation, like sex, and its use is encouraged at any
opportunity, especially when great emotions begin to arise. They are conditioned
to accept this to calm and pacify them should they begin to feel anything too
intensely. The conditioning also provides them with their place and prevents
them from participating in social activities which they needn\'t take part in.
(Smith) Class consciousness which Americans are so reluctant to acknowledge is
taught through hypnopжdia (the repetition of phrases during sleep akin to
post hypnotic suggestion) for all social classes: These names are letters in the

Greek alphabet, familiar to Huxley\'s original English readers because in English
schools they are used as grades- like our As, Bs, etc.- with Alpha plus the best
and Epsilon minus the worst. In Brave New World, each names a class or caste.

Alphas and Betas remain individuals; only Gammas, Deltas, and Epsilons are
bokanovskified. (Astrachan) The conditioning is begun at an extremely young age
and is by modern real-world standards cruel, AThe screaming of the babies
suddenly changed its tone. There was something desperate, almost insane, about
the sharp spasmodic yelps to which they now gave utterance." (Huxley 20)

The children\'s "Pavlovian" conditioning with electric shocks is later
compared to the wax seals which used to grace the seams of letters (Astrachan),
"Not so much like drops of water, though water, it is true, can wear holes
in the hardest granite; rather, drops of liquid sealing-wax, drops that adhere,
incrust, incorporate themselves with what they fall on, till finally the rock is
all one scarlet blob." The entire society is conditioned to shrink away
from intense emotion, engage in casual sex, and take their pacifying Soma. In

1984, a first-person book partly narrated by the main character\'s internal
dialogue, the great party leader is "Big Brother," a fictional
character who is somewhat more imposing than "Ford," of Huxley\'s book,
named after the industrialist Henry Ford (Astrachan). The main character

Superczynski 3 Winston fears Big Brother and is much more aware of his situation
than any of the characters in A Brave New World who are constantly pacified by
soma. In A Brave New World history is ignored completely whereas in 1984 it is
literally rewritten in order to suit the present. The role of science in both
books is extensive and complicated. 1984\'s telescreens cannot be turned off, as

A Brave New World has "feelies," an advancement on "talkies"
which added sound, "feelies" add tactile senses to a movie as well.

Science and human progress is not acknowledged in