Cheever And Joyce

Joyce and John Cheever were two influential writers of the late 1800\'s and early

1900\'s. James Joyce was an Irish author that wrote various short stories,
novels, and poems. In Dubliners, he is noted for his epiphanies and objective
correlatives. John Cheever, is an American short-story writer and novelist whose
work is known for his portrayals of the average middle-class American. His works
include ironic comedies and the displaying of his imagination. Both writers are
duly noted for their short stories. Their unique styles of writings are
respectably different to a point. They are similar in the way they display their
descriptions, and differ in the way they present the outcome of their story. In
the short stories of James Joyce, one is surely to notice his direct and sharp
epiphanies. In the story "An Encounter", two schoolboys of 11 or 12,
decided to skip school. There was a third but he bailed. They arranged to go
along the Wharf Road until they came to the ships. Then they were to cross with
the ferryboat and walk out to see the Pigeon House. When they reached the quay,
the boy narrating the story, looked amongst the sailors by the Norwegian Vessel
to see if any of them had green eyes, " ...I came back and examined the
foreign sailors to see had any of them green eyes for I had some confused
notion...." (p. 23). He had a great interest in people with green eyes, for
he saw them as erotic, and thought they possessed great auras. He was
disappointed to find none. The boys continued on their walk, reaching the Pigeon

House, when greeted by an old man. The way he talked and the things he talked
about scared the boys, and therefore led them to conclude that he was just a
"queer" old man. While the man was talking he began to get this great
sentimentality in his voice and the one boy looked up at him, "As I did so

I met the gaze of a pair of bottle-green eyes peering at me from under a
twitching forehead" (p. 27). The epiphany shown here is rather drastic, for
the boy has a loss of innocence. He always had the perceived notion that men
with green eyes were rather amazing. This old man disproved his theory and led
the boy to disappointment. Epiphanies like these make the reader go
"oh" "ah" as they read on. A noticeable factor in Joyce\'s
works, are his descriptions of Dublin and its characters. In A Little Cloud,

Little Chandler gives great descriptions of the things he sees. By doing so, we
are exposed to vast imagery that helps us in getting the mood of the story,
"He turned often from his tiresome writing to gaze out of the office
window. The glow of a late autumn sunset covered the grass plots and walks. It
cast a shower of kindly golden dust on the untidy nurses and decrepit old men
who drowsed on the benches..." (p. 71). This particular scene gives a mood
of the story right away. Following this observation he shows us the condition of
the character, "A gentle melancholy took possession of him" (p. 71).

This disposition presented puts you in the character\'s frame of mind, which

Joyce did by exposing us to the character\'s feelings with a sense of reality.

John Cheever\'s writings are described, often through fantasy and ironic comedy,
the life, manners, and morals of middle-class, suburban America. Cheever\'s work
often portrays individuals who yearn for self-expression within a society whose
values make it difficult to achieve this freedom. A chief example of his ironic
comedies is O Youth and Beauty. Cash Bentley is the main character, whose
yearning for his youth and self expression. His yearning leads to the flaunting
of his track skills, by hurdling furniture during parties. This gives him a
chance to show the youth still in him. During one of his performances he injures
himself and is very disappointed. Cash recovers and begins his habit once again.

One night he begins moving the furniture in his house and tells his wife to fire
the pistol for him to begin. While telling her about the safety on the gun, his
impatience drove him to begin his hurdling before she figured it out. "He
hurdled the sofa anyhow. The pistol went off and Louise got him in midair. She
shot him dead" (p. 218). The irony in this is great because his wife was
very against violence. When giving her children Life magazines, she would