Comitatus

The concept of comitatus is important for understanding the actions and
attitudes of a thane and his relationship to his lord. A band of thanes pledged
themselves to a feudal lord who was known for his bravery and generosity. They
swore to defend him to their death, and they considered it shameful to leave the
battlefield if their chief was slain. According to their loyal code, if their
leader was killed, his life must be avenged. He was their lord, and they were
his loyal, proud retainers. They were known for their courage, bravery,
recklessness, and foremost, for their loyalty. In return the lord provided them
with protection and shared his weapons and wealth with them. The Battle of

Maldon is a glorification of the ideas of comitatus. This pure heroic poem
exemplifies the \'glory\' of heroism that is undimmed by the defeat. The real
subject of this poem is not the battle but the deeds and deaths of heroes. In
many ways, these Anglo Saxon ideas can even be seen in general American society
today. Citizens in today\'s society relate to their leaders in similar ways as
thanes related to their lords; this contemporary use of comitatus can be seen in
present day sports teams, religious orders, country defenses and fraternities.

The American society, however, does not portray the ideas of comitatus when it
comes to their political leaders and government. High level of competitiveness
in present day sports demands good leadership and comitatus from team members
for success. Team leaders are like the lord represented in The Battle of Maldon,
because they encourage their teammates to be intent on succeeding in their\'battles\' against the opponents. Byrhtnoth, the leader of the English army,
"encouraged his thanes, urging every young man to be intent on fighting if
he wished to win fame at the Dane\'s expense" (112). Comitatus is shown by
the teammates who do not give up during the \'battle\' and fight until the very
end of a match or tournament. The teammates of a team always want to keep their
honor and the honor of their captain by fighting hard and never returning home
without a valiant effort. Like the thanes in Anglo Saxon literature, the
teammates must live with a sense of honor and honor is shown in competitiveness
and success. Religious orders in today\'s society also show sense of comitatus.

Like thanes they will fight for their Lord until death and will demand
resistance even when all hope of success is gone and retreat would be wiser. In
all religions, priests vow to spread the word of their Lord and are ready to
loose their lives in doing so. The thanes in The Battle of Maldon also
"wanted to either lose their lives or avenge their lord" (114).

Members of a country\'s defenses have always followed comitatus. As warriors for
their country, they are bound by the code of loyalty to their country and are
ready to risk their lives in battle. This "spirit-code" is also seen
in The Battle of Maldon, where " the brave young men stood brave in battle,
eagerly intent on who might be the first in taking the lives of the doomed with
their weapons. The slain fell to the earth, but they stood resolute" (112).

Leaders of present day defenses, however, do not seem to follow the comitatus as
in Anglo Saxon literature; they do not fight in a conspicuous place in the front
line. Byrhtnoth, "lighted down in that place where he most wished to be,
where he knew the loyal men of his own household were" (109). Fraternities
in present day colleges in the US also have a representation of the Anglo Saxon
idea of comitatus. Fraternity brothers show a code of loyalty and respect is
given to the leaders. They vow to assist each other and encourage each other to
success. The thanes also followed this code of loyalty as is shown in The Battle
of Maldon: "it is needful for us all for each to encourage every other
warrior in the fighting..." (114). The American society does not seem to
follow the ideas of comitatus when it comes to their leaders and government. In

Anglo Saxon literature, leaders were respected at all times and were looked upon
as lords by the thanes. The Old English society respected their leaders for how
they defended the country and "remembered all the benefits their lord had
given them" (114). In the American society today, leaders are forced to
lead a respectable lifestyle and even if they are doing their duty in office
their efforts