Community College
Through the years, community colleges have always had a negative stigma attached
to its name. Even today, this negative stigma is still present. However, the
misconception of an undergraduate curriculum from a junior college is inferior
to an undergraduate curriculum from a university is becoming widely accepted.

The popular notion that people foresee in a community college is that it is
mainly a place for those people who did not possess the knowledge to attend a
four-year university. This, however, is a big assumption towards some of the
students that attend community colleges because many people enter into a
community college for many different reasons. One reason, for example, people
attend a community college first is the financial disadvantage many people have;
therefore, it seems that going to a community college is their only choice. The
price for a general education in a community college is significantly lower than
that of a general education in a university. Because of the lower costs, the
possibility to receive a quality education or trade comes into reach for
everyone who is financially challenged or hasn\'t made a career choice. Despite
the negative misconceptions of junior colleges, they bridge the gap between high
schools and universities and create opportunities for more of the United States
population to achieve higher education. Understanding the need to establish a
college, of which, provides an opportunity for the United States population to
achieve a higher level of education, William Rainey Harper, the first president
at the University of Chicago, created the first junior college in the year of

1892. He did this by dividing the university into two different parts; one was
called the upper division and the other called the lower division. The upper
divisions were known as the "Senior Colleges" while the lower divisions as
the "Academic Colleges" (Witt et al. 14). Harper wanted these two separate
colleges to focus on the different levels of training; primarily, the "Senior

Colleges" was to focus more on the advanced courses while the "Academic

Colleges" focused more on the less advanced courses. Harper also envisioned
that a two-year school would soon stand on its own; however, it would still be
affiliated with the university. Junior colleges, also mostly known and referred
today as a community college, were first thought about because educators began
to realize that students needed more educational opportunities after high
school. The idea of these smaller colleges came about because educators saw that
a lot of students were not able to go away to a four-year college after high
school and they also saw that extending high schools for two more years could
never happen (Brick 8). Although Harper was highly associated with these ideas
in the creation of a two-year institution, he was not the only one involved with
them. Alexis F. Lange, Dean of the School of Education at the University of

California, also wanted to encourage students to further their education. Lange
realized that there were a lot of students that did not need, nor want, to go on
to a four-year college and he felt that community colleges should focus more on
providing vocational preparation. Thus, he urged college administrators to
prevent the "wrong persons" from attempting to fulfill transfer requirements
when these courses would only hurt them instead of help them. Lange proposed
that community colleges should prepare students to be active and effective in
community life. As more people became aware of the many benefits that a
community college would offer a student, the creation of such an idea was
inevitable to stop. The first actual junior college was Lewis Institute in

Chicago and was established in 1896. Since then, hundreds of junior colleges
have been established throughout the United States, with most of them being
affiliated with a major university. This also made it easier for students to
transfer to upper levels of education. To date, there are 106 junior colleges in
the state of California, of which, San Diego encompasses a good portion of them
(Mesa 1). These include City, Mesa, and Miramar community college. As of yet,

Mesa community college is one of the most prestigious of these colleges. The
notion of establishing a San Diego community college was in 1914 when the Board
of Education authorized a decision to bring the many benefits of a community
college into San Diego. In 1916, the first real community college classes were
held in the classrooms of San Diego High School, but later moved into its own
facility. Having only 4 faculty members and 35 students, classes were relatively
small with little benefits given to