Creatine Monohydrate
Everyday a new nutrition supplement or a new diet is introduced to the public.

In recent years and months, many people have started to take a larger interest
in their personal health and exercise. Creatine Monohydrate is still the most
popular and controversial nutrition supplement on the market today. This paper
will include a background for creatine monohydrate because not everyone knows
what it is. The paper will also include information and criticisms from a recent
nutritional article on creatine monohydrate that was researched for this paper.

Creatine monohydrate was introduced to the public approximately two years ago.

When it first came out on the market it made a name for itself, because it
allegedly caused bodybuilders who consumed it to pack on ten pounds of muscle in
two weeks and add twenty-five pounds of weight to their bench press. It also
helps people who take it to run faster, jump higher, and recover from exercising
faster than normal. Now creatine monohydrate is the most popular supplement in
bodybuilding, and its catching on like wildfire in other sports like; football,
hockey, and basketball. One source recently reported that three out of four
medal winners at the 1996 Summer Olympic Games were using creatine monohydrate.

A French scientist named Chevreul in 1832 discovered creatine. He named it after
the Greek word for flesh. In 1923, a scientist discovered that the average human
body contains over 100 grams of creatine and over 95% of that creatine is stored
in the bodyís muscle tissue. Creatine is a compound that is naturally made in
our bodies to supply energy to our muscles. The chemical term for creatine is"methylguaindo-acetic acid. "Creatine is formed from the amino acids
argentine, methionine, and glycine through a chemical process. It is
manufactured in the pancreas and kidneys. It is transported in the blood and
taken by muscle cells, where it is converted to creatine phosphate (Bill

Phillips, p. 49)." Now you should have a basic overview of what creatine and
creatine monohydrate is. The article that will be examined for this paper was
written by Richard B. Kreider who has numerous credentials. He is an Associate

Professor and Assistant Department Chair in the Exercise and Nutrition

Laboratory within the Department of Human Movement Sciences and Education at The

University of Memphis. Mr. Kreiderís article originally came from The Journal

Of Exercise Physiology Online. The article was full of good statistics and
information, but left out important details that a reader should know. The main
point of this article was to encourage supplement users to choose creatine over
other supplements. The article included many statistics that could persuade a
user to buy creatine. For example, Mr. Kreider included information that"short-term creatine supplementation has been reported to improve maximal
power/strength by 5 to 15 percent, work performed during sets of maximal effort
muscle contractions by 5 to 15 percent, single-effort sprint performance by 1 to

5 percent, and work performed during repetitive sprint performance by 5 to 15
percent." He also included information about the long-term supplementation.

This information is overwhelming and very persuasive. For a person who is
looking to enhance their body, seeing this will encourage creatine usage. There
is impressive information in this article, but it lacks many key details. The
article included only positive information on creatine monohydrate. The author
included possibilities that creatine monohydrate might have long-term side
effects, but did not specify what they might be. Mr. Kreider said that it is
possible they may exist and left it at that. For a person who is considering
using creatine monohydrate, it is important to not leave it at that. The author
also did not include how he got his information or statistics. The reader is
supposed to take his word for it. He is credible by means of his profession and
associations, but he did not say where these studies came from. It is obvious
that the results came from human subjects, but it should have included how the
product was tested with the subjects. The article also lacks testimonials from
current users. Testimonials would help for the credibility of the research. In
general, the author based all of his research on other studies, but once again
did not go into detail on those studies. For example, Mr. Kreider says, "most
studies indicate that creatine is an effective and safe nutritional
supplement." This brings about some questions. What studies indicate this and
what about the studies that have evidence that creatine monohydrate is not an
effective and safe supplement? To effectively inform a reader, the author should
have answered these