Crime And Punishment

Evil is a character in nature that is marked by bad moral qualities bringing
about harm and misfortune. In a rational world, with a superior goal demanding
righteousness and peace, evil disrupts society and results in sorrow, distress,
or calamity. Evil is an almighty force of nature that has forever corrupted
societies relentlessly, never to be halted. As far back as history will tell,
evil has shown it\'s wicked face. Evil has transgressed through centuries,
hindering those who it has come to and sometimes the environment surrounding.

This dire forceful has seeded traits in mankind that have grown due to society.

Forces of it\'s strong antithesis, good, have fought to overcome and be rid of
evil succeeding at times maybe in battle but never in the war. It seems that due
to the caliber of its force and prevalence in society, man may never see an end
to evil. Supporting this theory is the fact that there is a never-ending battle
to resolve this sinister force. Evil has shown so overpowering that it is part
of every creature and being in the known world. It comes in many different
forms, styles, and shapes. Everyday life consists of many types of evil showing
forth, disguising itself at times or at other putting itself in a clear eye\'s
view. This all depends on the creature it is within. Those who consider or have
been considered by society as "good" are the ones that have resisted and
fought off this compelling force. On the contrary, as nature has revealed, evil
in some creatures is too much a part of them for it to be held down. Resulting
factors illustrate the argument to the belief that evil results when man
interrupts natural processes. (Americana 731) Philosophers and educated people
alike, for centuries have argued the conflict of nature versus nurture as two
possible causes of evil in man. The nature theory supports that man is
inherently evil in a sense that there is no one to blame for his or her evil but
oneself. On the other hand, the idea of nurture relays the cause of evil in man
due to his society, environment, and peers. Instances throughout time, have
brought evidence to support both theories defining why the conflict still
exists. In order to decide if the cause is nature or nurture in a certain
occurrence, one can break the evil into three categories of moral, radical, and
metaphysical. These broad categories entail different "kinds" of evil
broken down into groups, putting them in order of harshness according to the
form in which they appear. In the novel Crime and Punishment, the author Feodor

Dostoevsky paints a picture of a man\'s environment and how evil has affected
him. This "environment" reveals a dark, depressing society lurking
with instances of evil. Through his characters\' trials and tribulations,

Dosteovsky answers the question of the cause of evil in man in the forms of
moral, radical, and metaphysical. Crime and Punishment portrays evil mostly in
the main character Raskolnikov. This main character is constantly weathered with
mixed emotions driving him at times almost to delirium. Dosteovsky focuses
frequently upon the wicked, yet normal mind of Raskolnikov. Dosteovsky\'s
powerful appeal to our intellectual interests is most directly and naturally
linked to the action. (Rahv 592) In other words, Dosteovsky is showing how a
relatively intelligent person is vulnerable to indulge in such pure evil. Moral
evil categorizes evil as wrongful actions done knowingly to misfortune or harm
in a society consisting of moral principles. Examples in past and present time
include common traits such as greed, lust, and hate. Particular crimes
associated with moral evil are robbery, rape, and extortion. These actions are
subject to judgment and punishment, mitigation, and aggravation, repentance and
remission. (Shattuck 76) The main character, Raskolnikov displays two instances
of moral evil. Although, these occurrences are not in relation to one another;
they still hold the same breakdown or category. Raskolnikov through his confused
state plots and commits the murder of a pawnbroker. During his past experiences
doing business with her and due to the talk in the city, he became knowledgeable
of her vast riches. In addition, he even knew where in her home she kept them.

One day Raskolnikov overheard a conversation of two men on the street, "She
is quite famous.... She always has money to lay out. She\'s as rich as a Jew, she
can put up her hand on five thousand rubles at once, and yet she doesn\'t turn up
her nose at the interest on a ruble!" After fiercely beating the old woman
to death,