Death Of Salesman And Willy Loman
Death of a Salesman, written in 1949 by American playwright Arthur Miller,
illustrates the destructive compulsion of a man to attain a success far beyond
his reach. This is accomplished through the portrayal of Willy Loman, the play\'s
central character. Willy Loman is a pathetic character because he does not hold
any possibility of victory. Unrealistic dreams which are the product of a
refusal to honestly acknowledge his abilities deter any triumph that Willy may
have the ability to achieve. Throughout the play Willy Loman surrounds himself
with an obvious air of insecurity and confusion. His lack of confidence and
uncertainty in what he wants are qualities which prevent him from achieving his
dream. Willy shows this weakness while observing himself in a mirror. He focuses
completely on what he deems as negative qualities in his personality and
physical appearance. In talking with his brother he reveals his insecurity by
mentioning that he "feels kind of temporary" (pg. 51). Although Willy
has chosen to pursue success as a salesman he demonstrates confusion by
continually contradicting that choice. Willy resents the advancements, such as
the loss of fresh air and fertile land, increased population and, most
significantly, the competition which have been created by the very business
community he has opted to be a member of. It is impractical to assume that Willy

Loman can be victorious in a career that he does not seem comfortable in or
completely dedicated to. His attempts make him pathetic because they are at the
expense of confidence that he may receive from another field of work. Willy

Loman\'s false pride is another factor that contributes to his pursuit of a
prosperity which is unobtainable to him as a salesman. This attribute is
apparent in him when his mind journeys back to the day he turned down his
brother\'s offer to battle for riches in the Alaskan timberlands. Willy\'s most
enthusiastic moments in the play come in directing the rebuilding of the front
stoop, teaching his sons to polish the car and in talking with Charley of the
ceiling he put up in the living-room. These instances make it obvious that his
true talents and joys lie in working with his hands. He is unable to go with his
brother and put his skills to use because he has given his family the impression
that he is greatly excelling in his career. He is unable to leave behind such
great success as a salesman for uncertainty in the woods without admitting his
true position and suffering the humiliation of his lies. Willy is ready to avoid
that embarrassment at the cost of happiness so that his family\'s praise for him
may continue to remain active. Willy\'s false sense of pride also compels him to
repeatedly refuse accepting the job offered to him by Charley, his best friend
and neighbor. Although he needs the money, Willy finds himself incapable of
working for someone who is the success he himself only pretends to be. It is
also that same false pride which brings him to degrade himself by borrowing
money from Charley so that he can keep his stature intact with his family. What

Willy Loman views as pride is, in reality, his self-deprivation. By ignoring
what he is best fitted to do Willy does not allow himself happiness or the
opportunity for triumph. This makes him a pathetic character.V Willy Loman
cannot be victorious in achieving success because he does not have the aptitude
to be a salesman or the capacity to be a good father. His jokes and much too
talkative nature demonstrate his inability to do his job productively. His
exaggerated claims of past profit and deals made with Howard\'s father are not
able to get him a position in New York because he has long been insignificant to
the Wagner Company. He was placed on commission like an inexperienced newcomer
to the industry on account of interference in his job productivity: "You
didn\'t crack up again, did you?" (pg. 79). Willy is unable to keep his
business obligations. He displays this irresponsibility when he fails to make a
sales trip to Boston and, as a result, he is fired. Since his own father was not
present throughout his life to act as an example, Willy Loman seeks guidance
from his brother, who pays little interest to him or his wife and children, on
how he should parent. Willy, in choosing one son over the other, makes his
greatest mistake as a father. He ignores Happy,