Diabetes is the sixth leading cause of death by disease. It is a chronic disease
that has no cure. Therefore it comes to no surprise that this disease has
acquired countless number of attentions. Unfortunately, 5.4 million people in
the United State are unaware that they have this disease. Until they do, they
have already developed life-threatening complications. This may include
blindness, kidney diseases, nerves diseases, heart diseases, strokes, and
amputations. It is no wonder that diabetes is known as the silent killer.

Diabetes is condition where the body does not produce or properly use insulin,
which is a type of hormone that converts sugar, starches, and other types of
foods into the energy that humans need everyday. It controls the blood sugar
level and without it, death is inevitable. There are two major types of
diabetes: Type I, and Type II. Type I is where the body does not produce any
insulin also known as insulin dependent or immune-medicated diabetes. It is a
disease that destroys the cells in the pancreas that produces insulin. Type II,
is where the body can’t make enough or properly use insulin, also known as
non-insulin dependent. Other specific type of diabetes may have its origin from
certain genetic syndromes, surgery, drugs, malnutrition inflection and other
illness. The cause of this disease remains a mystery. Genetics, environmental
factors, lack of exercise, plays an important role in the cause of diabetes.

Diabetes can cause different types of problems depending on which types of
diabetes they have. For Type I diabetes, two problems may occur: ketoacidosis,
and hyperglycemia. In ketoacidosis, your body produces ketones. This occurs when
your blood glucose level increases too high. The productions of ketones have its
unpleasant results. Ketones can cause you to vomit, have trouble breathing,
become dehydrated, have dry itchy skin, and/or go into a coma. Hyperglycemia is
where your blood glucose level is too low. In results, one may feel shaky,
tired, hungry, confused or nervous. Lastly, there may be complications for Type

I diabetes. Since the levels of glucose are high, it can damage organs. Eyes,
kidney, and nerves can be damaged. It may also provoke heart and blood vessels
more likely. In Type II diabetes, three types of problems can occur such as high
blood glucose, low blood glucose, and complications itself. In high blood
glucose, there are times when your blood glucose level may increase too high.

This occurs more likely when one is under a lot of stress. When the glucose
level does increase, problems such as headaches, blurry vision, thirst, frequent
trips to the restroom, and dry itchy skin may occur. When the body lacks blood
glucose, a problem such as low blood glucose may occur. This is also called
hypoglycemia. When hypoglycemia occurs, one may feel shaky, tired, hungry,
nervous and confused. With all of these serious complications, it is highly
recommended that people get checked for diabetes before other problems arise.

Diabetes seems to be targeting at certain ethnic groups. Because of this
information, a biological/genetic factor may be involved. The percentages,
calculations, and estimates, seems to be pointing at three ethnic groups:

African American, Hispanic Americans, and Native Americans. According to the

Diabetes American Association, it is estimated that African Americans are 1.7
times more likely to have diabetes than Hispanic whites. Thus, Hispanic

Americans are almost twice as likely to have Type II diabetes then non-Hispanic
whites. There are even cases where in most tribes, half of the populations of
the Native American have diabetes. People who have diabetes have a certain
nutritional management to keep their diabetes under control. Because of the fact
that there are different types of diabetes, there are different nutritional
managements to suit each type with its specific needs. For type one diabetes,
the goal of the nutritional management is to lower the glucose in blood, since
the glucose level is too high. To control the level, diabetics must take insulin
shots before meals, exercise, and/or maintain a healthy diet. The diet must be
low in fat, have moderate amounts of protein, and have high complex
carbohydrates. This may include breads, cereals, noodles, or rice. The diet must
have consistency; it is recommended that the same number of calories is consumed
each day, and that the meals and snacks are timed. Meals must never be skipped.

Being active by exercising, helps the human body cells consume the glucose. The
process helps lower the glucose levels in blood. Therefore, exercise is very
helpful for diabetics. The nutritional management is also similar for type two
diabetes. However, losing weight is also a step for the nutritional management.

By losing weight, the body