Dubliners By James Joyce

James Joyce\'s Dubliners was written in 1914 right at the onset of World War I
breaking out in Europe. It is a journey through the stages of life itself:
childhood, adolescence, adulthood, public life and finally death. Each one of
the stories in the novel fall into one of these stages. "After the

Race" falls into the adolescence aspect of the book. It does this because
the characters have not yet grown up. Although they are adults they are still
immature. Jimmy is easily fooled into gambling away all of his money. He never
regretted it. He was actually happy that Routh won the game and took everyone\'s
money. Because of actions like this they are very carefree about how they go
about with life. The only thing that they want to do is be happy. They were very
free, moving about doing whatever they wanted, but a cloud was settling over
them. This cloud was entrapment. Most of the story is about how the characters
struggled to keep their freedoms over the entrapments. It also touches upon
other characters from other stories by paralleling Jimmy to Eveline. "After
the Race" is a story in which the ideas of freedom and entrapment are
tested and joined as one to prove the overall archetype in Dubliners of
paralysis and death. Freedom can be seen throughout this story. Each character
presents their own struggle with freedom. The aspect of freedom can also be seen
in the setting that is used in "After the Race." Even the aspect of a
race can be thought of as freedom. The drivers are speeding along down windy
roads toward an endpoint where there is a reward. While driving the driver can
become one with nature. He sees his surroundings and must make split second
decisions about what to do. One can see freedom in this. It is the freedom of
choice. In Dubliners as a whole many characters struggle with this freedom. It
is no different in the story of "After the Race." The race that is
spoken about has a long history of running. It is run once every four years. The
course itself has long mountain climbs through Achill Island, Kerry, Cork and

Wicklow and a fast frenetic route from Criterium to Dublin\'s O\'Connell Street
and Parnell Square. It consists of one hundred twelve kilometers through Slane,

Navan, Clonee and Lucan. The roads that the race is run on are always shut down.

The drivers pass through beautiful scenery and are greeted in Dublin by
thousands of spectators. The finish line to the race is in front of the

President\'s house. 1 The race car itself also brings a sense of freedom to the
reader of the story. Joyce writes, "How smoothly it ran. In what style they
had come careering along the country roads! The journey laid a magical finger on
the genuine pulse of life and gallantly the machinery of human nerves strove to
answer the bounding courses of the swift blue animal."2 This shows how they
viewed the complex machinery of a race car as a sort of freedom. "Today
many people still view the idea of complex machinery as freedom because of
mankind\'s control over nature."3 The city to city races that would take
place along European country side around the turn of the century were a
"sport of beauty in which even spectators were free to interact with the
drivers."4 The passengers of the car were even experiencing their own
freedoms. Joyce writes, "In one of these trimly built cars was a party of
four young men whose spirits seemed to be at present well above the level of
successful Gallicism: in fact, these four young men were almost hilarious."

5 The men in the car were very carefree. "They knew that they would
probably not win this race, but continued to go about their merry ways." 6

They cruised through the countryside and into the crowded streets of Dublin
knowing that they had lost the race. Garrett says they were proud of their
achievement of making it through the entire race. 7 There is the same sense of
freedom that was involved with the race. That freedom is the freedom of being
one with nature. If they were not feeling this freedom then loosing the race
would have most likely come down harder on them. They were extremely happy in
the event of losing this race. A different, but highly related sense of freedom
comes about from the passengers themselves. An example of this comes when

Villona is