Egypt And Mexican Culture
For
many centuries people have been fascinated by ancient cultures and treasures.

During the last two centuries the science of archeology and modern inventions
allowed people to get inside of the Egyptian and Mayan pyramids and discover the
treasures of Egyptian pharaohs and Mayan rulers. Most of what we know about

Egypt we owe to the pyramids. Thanks to Egyptian belief in the afterlife we can
now find out about the civilization that existed nearly five thousand years ago.

Egyptian culture is not the only culture that left us its heritage in pyramids.

In America we find pyramids build by civilizations of Olmec and Maya about 7th
century CE. These pyramids had different purposes and usage then the ones in

Egypt but they stand as memorials to ancient civilizations as well. Egyptian
people believed in life after death. One of the way pharaohs prepared themselves
for the afterlife journey was by building a pyramid and putting there all their
belongings and riches. Egyptian people believed that pharaoh is the closest
person to the God and treated him accordingly. That is the reason for Egyptian
tombs being full with the golden jewelry, precious stones and art objects. Most
of the time art objects were not considered a treasury but they played their
particular role in religious rituals. Jars were holding food and drinks for
pharaohís journey, so he would not get hungry and would have food and drinks
to offer to the Gods. The figurative sculptures were suppose to accompany Ka (
spiritual entity) in its lonely stay or serve as a twin for the mummy. If
something happens to the mummy the ka could use the sculpture of the pharaoh for
the revelation. As well as for Egyptians religion was an everyday concern for
many of the Maya, whether the dynastic ruler, the zealous priest, or the humble
believer. Maya has an extensive religion structure which we can not know in
details. Chac and Itzamna are the most famous gods of Mayan culture. Hunahpu and

Xbalanque are among the most interesting mythical characters. One of the most
crucial gods was Tlaloc, who was worshiped in various guises by the culture of

Teotihuacan, the Toltec of Tula, and later Aztecs. The Maya received the cult of

Tlaloc during the 4th century more or less. The Cauac Monster, also known as the

Witz monster, is a dominant supernatural concept in Maya religion, as are caves,
cenotes, and other holy places (Maya Civilization pars. 6). The Maya built
shrines, temples, and pyramids in honor of their gods, as well as to their
kings, who ruled by all-encompassing concept of Divine power. Most of Mayan
pyramids are temples to the gods, not the burial tombs as in Egypt. Even though

Maya sometimes buried there their rulers they always put the temple on the top
of the pyramid. Egyptians had temples near the pyramid or right next to it for
the ceremonial services, but it never was placed on top of the structure. Also
buildings in both cultures have a lot in common in their visual characteristics
they are different structures. Egyptian pyramids originally had smooth equal
sides meeting on the top in the perfect apex. Mayan pyramids look like one huge
stairway towards the sky. It reminds of earliest Egyptian structures-mastabas,
where one layer of stones was put onto another creating the effect of pyramid.

Also The Tikal Temple on Great Plaza was originally plastered white. Then the
roof comb was painted with reds, blues, and other colors to accent the different
areas of sculptural decoration. These roof combs were like giant billboards,
with immense portrayals of the enthroned king, larger then life size (Cities
pars.3). Egyptians never colored their religious structures. As well as in

Egyptian pyramids, the stone used to construct Mayan pyramids is local
limestone, obtained from nearby quarries. The ancient Maya had no stone tools
but limestone is soft enough that the Maya could utilize chert tools to work the
stone in to neat rectangular building blocks. Egyptian pyramids served as huge
tombs and they were constructed in such a way so they would stand for thousand
years. Egyptians did not know when the spirit would return into the dead body.

Pyramids were constructed of rough stone blocks laid in horizontal rows, in a
polygonal shape, with triangular sides rising to meet in the apex. Some were
originally as high as 750 feet. The pyramids were built by taking blocks of
granite to the workshops, measuring the blocks down the size, shaping the block
and placing it into the body of the pyramid. Then on top of the