Ellis And Glasser
Albert Ellis and William Glasser have been in the mainstream of psychological
society for over four decades. Both have contributed greatly to modern
psychotherapy. The Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy (REBT) of Albert Ellis and
the Reality therapy of William Glasser have endured the trendy world of
psychology and in fact as they are based in ancient philosophy (Epictetus,

Marcus Aurelius), they also remain the foundation for brief therapy, cognitive
behavioral therapy and ecclectisism. Their strength is in the flexibility and
simplicity inherent in each. They go directly to the problem and focus energy
there without lengthy psychotherapy. Both prolific writers and dedicated
therapists have expanded their views and adapted with the times. They are true
humanists in that through non-profit organizations they have been able to
alleviate much human suffering by providing sources for personal and
professional growth. In 1955, Albert Ellis used the fundamental concept of truth
and logic to help people overcome the obstacles in their lives. By using mans'
high power of rationality Ellis has allowed us to use our cognitive abilities to
overcome environmental or social situations. By 1975 Ellis combined Rational

Emotive Therapy (RET) with Rational Behavior Training (RBT) and with the
collaboration of many other noted therapists, created Rational Emotive Behavior

Therapy (REBT). Ellis tells us in a new Guide to Rational Living (1975): I (A.E.)
originated the system around the early part of 1955 and gave a first paper on it
at the 1956 meeting of the American Psychological Association in Chicago Since
that time, RET has gone through many minor and some major changes, originated by
myself and some of my main collaborators-especially Dr. Robert A. Harper, Dr.

H.Jon Geis, Edward Garcia, Dr. William Knause, Dr. John M. Gullo, Dr. Paul

Hauck, Dr. Donald R. Meichenbaum, Dr. Janet L. Wolf, Dr. Arnold A. Lazarus, Dr.

Aaron T. Beck, and (most notably) Dr. Maxie C. Maultsbie Jr. It has taken on
other names than Ret-such as Rational Therapy (RT), semantic therapy, cognitive
behavior therapy (CBT), and (quite popularly) rational behavior training (RBT)┘(pg.202)

Based on the strongest tenets of cognitive and behavioral therapy, REBT helps
individuals to challenge the cause and effect relationships they believe exist
between external events and their own emotional states. Ellis writes: RET
employs an A-B-C method of viewing human personality and disturbance. When
trying to help a person, the therapist usually begins with C-the upsetting
emotional Consequence that he [sic] has recently experienced. Typically he has
been rejected by someone (this rejection can be called A, the Activating

Experience) and then feels anxious, worthless or depressed at C. He wrongly
believes that A, his being rejected has caused C, his feelings ┘; and he
may even overtly voice this belief by saying something like, "She rejected
me and that made me depressed." The individual can be shown that A does not
and cannot really cause C- that an Activating Event in the outside world cannot
possibly create any feeling or emotional consequence in his head and gut. For if
this were true virtually everyone who gets rejected would have to feel just as
depressed as he does; and this is obviously not the case. C, then is really
caused by some intervening variable, or by B; and B is the individuals belief
system. So there is the simplicity of Ellis and RET; the knowledge that the
individual chooses to believe and behave in a way that causes the distress. The
confrontational and often playful style of Ellis's REBT helps people to
recognize and change parts of their thinking that are insensible, inaccurate and
not useful. The counselor then confronts the client with this truth and helps
them move towards greater self - control. "Disputing" is the type of
confronting the therapist uses to help people rethink those dysfunctional
beliefs into more healthy and reasonable ones. In the example above, the dispute
was whether the A caused C. It is important for the client to be confronted with
that disputation of his perception. It is not uncommon for Ellis to call
irrational beliefs "nuttiness" or "nonsense" or
"silly" or "idiotic". Other disputations have to do with
more complex or long standing personal beliefs that encumber the client.

Statements like " I am no good at reading, I will never get ahead!" or
" I am worthless no one will ever love me!" have no helpful, healthy
basis for an individual's thinking and may therefore be disputed or put to the
test of logic. Logic implies that if something is true then it can be supported
by fact. If it cannot be supported by fact, then it is an irrational belief.

Ellis is quick