Environment Devastation
The impact of people on their environment can be devastating. This is where the
respective role of governments can make decisions that shape environmental
policy and responsibilities. These governments can be broken up into four
different levels: local, state, federal and international. Air quality and
biodiversity are two current issues that can be related to the role of
governments. Global warming is also another implication that has a devastating
effect on the environment. Current examples include the rise in sea levels,
polar meltdowns, the melting of ice sheets and glaciers and human deaths due to
disease from the effects of global warming. Firstly the environment can be
defined as the natural features of our surroundings such as plant and animal
life and their habitats, water, soils and the atmosphere. A local government
named Rockdale Municipal Council has implemented certain actions to deal with
the quality in that region. They have recognized that the main source of poor
air quality originates from air pollution sources such as motor vehicles,
industrial premises and aircraft emissions. The solutions to these problems
include improvements to Ryde and Botany Bay cycle way, integration of land use
and transport planning strategies, production of "Air Quality - the

Facts" booklet for community, investigation of complaints regarding odours
and dust, tree planting and preparation of a Local Air Quality Management Plan
in 1999. Air quality is a major issue in most states within Australia that
affects our greenhouse, to tackle the implications state governments have
created policies and responsibilities. For instance Cities for Climate

Protection (CCP) is a program that enables mainly state governments to take
action on greenhouse. CCP provides these state governments with a strategic
framework to diminish greenhouse gas emissions by helping them identify and
recognize the emissions of their council and community, set a reduction goal and
develop and utilize an action plan to reach that goal. State actions include:
capturing the methane from landfill sites and public and non-car transport into
urban planning. On a federal or national basis Australia has employed policies
to increase the air quality. For example the Commonwealth Government will
guarantee that Australia carries its fair-share of the burden in worldwide
efforts to combat global air pollution through policy development and
implementation. They have also supported the National Greenhouse Strategy (NGS)
which began in late 1996. The government will also support the development of a
national strategy to observe and manage "air toxics". The air toxics
strategy will monitor, establish the levels of community exposure to, and manage
emissions of selected air toxics. The federal government will even consider the
inclusion of air toxics in a future National Environmental Protection Measure.

Further measures include the leading of the development of national ambient air
quality standards through the National Environmental Protection Council and the
assistance of the establishment of a National Pollutant Inventory which will
require large companies to publicly report their emission of 90 pollutants.

Local government Rockdale Municipal Council has introduced responsibilities and
policies to reduce the loss of biodiversity. This local government has learned
that the cause involves the introduction of species, pollution of land and
water, weed invasion and urban encroachment. Their solutions to these problems
comprise of the planting of over 3,500 plants and shrubs in Bardwell Valley and

Scotts Reserve, bush regeneration and planting in Scarborough Reserve,
involvement in Cooks River Foreshores Working Party and preparation of a flora
and fauna study in 2000. Policies towards the community include controlling
noxious weeds on your property, planting native trees indigenous to the area and
applying to the council prior to removing any trees. The Labor Tasmanian

Government has created a new Environment Policy on biodiversity that hopes to
preserve native plants and animals. The policies commit the government to
encourage community involvement in biological diversity programs, proclaim the

Tasman National Park, establish a State Biodiversity Committee with community
representation to arrange a Tasmanian Biodiversity Strategy, support the
development of a State Policy on the protection of remnant native vegetation,
examine the possibility of incorporating the Biodiversity Strategy into
legislation and seeking the co-operation of local government and the community
in including and enforcing biological diversity guidelines in development
criteria. The federal government has enabled several policies to deal with
conservation of Australia\'s biodiversity. The government will support the

National Reserve System program to expand Australia\'s National Parks, support
off-reserve biodiversity conservation including the planting of trees and the
protection of vegetation through the Bushcare program and work with the States
to reduce unsustainable land clearing, develop an "alert list" of
introduced plants and animals that pose a risk to our environment. The
government will also maintain a ban on the export of live fauna; support