Of Profanity
The evolution of written profanity began roughly in the sixteenth century, and
continues to change with each generation that it sees. Profanity is recognized
in many Shakespearean works, and has continually evolved into the profane
language used today. Some cuss words have somehow maintained their original
meanings throughout hundreds of years, while many others have completely changed
meaning or simply fallen out of use. William Shakespeare, though it is not
widely taught, was not a very clean writer. In fact, he was somewhat of a potty
mouth. His works encompassed a lot of things that some people wish he had not.
"That includes a fair helping of sex, violence, crime, horror, politics,
religion, anti-authoritarianism, anti-semitism, racism, xenophobia, sexism,
jealousy, profanity, satire, and controversy of all kinds" (Macrone 6). In
his time, religious and moral curses were more offensive than biological curses.

Most all original (before being censored) Shakespearean works contain very
offensive profanity, mostly religious, which is probably one of many reasons
that his works were and are so popular. "Shakespeare pushed a lot of
buttons in his day- which is one reason he was so phenomenally popular. Despite
what they tell you, people like having their buttons pushed" (Macrone 6).

Because his works contained so many of these profane words or phrases, they were
censored to protect the innocent minds of the teenagers who are required to read
them, and also because they were blasphemous and offensive. Almost all of the
profanity was removed, and that that was not had just reason for being there.

Some of the Bard's censored oaths are; "God's blessing on your beard"

Love's Labors Lost, II.i.203 This was a very rude curse because a man's facial
hair was a point of pride for him. and "to play with someone's beard"
was to insult him. "God's body" 1 Henry IV,II.i.26 Swearing by

Christ's body, (or any part thereof,) was off limits in civil discourse.
"God's Bod(y)kins, man" Hamlet, II.ii.529 The word bod(y)kin means
"little body" or "dear body," but adding the cute little
suffix does not make this curse any more acceptable. "By God's [blest]
mother!" 2 Henry VI, II.i; 3 Henry VI, III.ii; Henry VIII, V.i Swearing by
the virgin was almost as rude as swearing by her son, especially when addressing
a catholic cathedral as Gloucester did in 2 Henry VI, II.i Perhaps the two worst
of these Shakespearean swears were "'zounds" and "'sblood."
"'Zounds" had twenty-three occurrences. Ten of them were in 1 Henry

IV. The rest appear in Titus (once), Richard III (four times), Romeo and Juliet
(twice), and Othello ( six times). Iago and Falstaff were the worst offenders.

'Zounds has evolved into somewhat of a silly and meaningless word, but was
originally horribly offensive. This oath, short for "God's wounds,"
was extremely offensive because references to the wounds or blood of Christ were
thought especially outrageous, as they touched directly on the crucifixion.
"'Sblood" had twelve occurrences in all. There were eight times in 1

Henry IV (with Falstaff accounting for six), plus once in Henry V, twice in

Hamlet, and once in Othello. 'Sblood occurs less than 'zounds, but is equally
offensive and means basically the same thing. Several other words came from

Great Britain, but were not included in Shakespeare's works. Today the
expression "Gadzooks!" is not particularly offensive to most. Of
course, most don't know what it originally meant. Gadzooks was originally slang
for "God's hooks," and was equally offensive to 'zounds and 'sblood as
it also referred to the crucifixion. An interesting note is that there is a
store called Gadzooks which everyone thinks of as a pop-culture vendor to

America's youth. Some (but not many) of Gadzooks' shoppers would be very
offended if they knew the true meaning of the store's name. Another word from
this region is a Cockney expression, "Gorblimey," which is a word used
to swear to the truth, and is a shortened form of "God blind me."

Also, in England, words such as "bloody," "blimey," "blinkin',"
beginning with the letters "BL" are taken offense to because they,
once again, refer to the blood of Christ and the crucifixion. The military has
an interesting technique for swearing their brains out without offending anyone.
"They use the phonetic alphabet (A= Alpha, B= Bravo, C= Charlie, etc.) as a
code for their swearing" (Interview). For instance, instead of saying
"bull*censored*," they would say "bravo charlie." Or instead
of the horribly offensive blasphemous cuss word, they could say "golf
delta." Most people are familiar with the swear words that are still used.

These "four-letter words" aren't necessarily four letters long, but
more or less, they