Forests Extinction

Can you picture our earth without forests? Many of us can’t. Forests cover
approximately one fifth of the worlds land surface and play an important role in
our everyday lives (Dudley 4). Forests provide us with many products and
services from helping maintain erosion to providing jobs for our citizens.

Humanity depends on the survival of a healthy ecosystem and deforestation is
causing many social, economic and ecological problems. One ecological problem is

Global warming witch is caused when carbon is released into the air after the
burning of forests. Governments and industries must become more aware of these
consequences of their activities and change accordingly. They need to cooperate
with forest management and work towards a future that benefits all. Humans need
to be educated about the current issues of the forests in order for us to save,
preserve or sustain these places that provide us with so much. Humans depend
tremendously on the world’s forests, but yet were the ones destroying them.

For humans, the forests have many aesthetic, recreational, economic, and
cultural values. Timber and other products of the forests are important
economically both locally and as exports. They provide employment for those who
harvest the wood or for those who make products from the living forest. Forests
also provide us with medical drugs, dyes and fabrics. There are many people who
are dependent on forestland for their livelihoods. One third of the world’s
people depend on wood for fuel as a significant energy source (Dudley). Not only
do the forests provide some people with homes, but also provides a popular
setting for ecotourism, which includes hiking, camping, bird watching and other
outdoor adventure or nature study activities. All these activities and products
the forests provide us are at great risk from deforestation. Not only do forests
provide us with all this but also protect soil from erosion and reduces the
risks of landslides and avalanches. Trees help sustain freshwater supplies
therefore are an important factor in the availability of one of life’s basic
needs. Forests affect the climate and are also a very important source of
oxygen. One major factor that the forests carry is that they are the home to
over one half of the world’s total species (Dudley). Currently we are
discovering 20 new species of insects and 15 species of plants each day (Dudley

13). "Recent reports by the World Resources Institute have shown that more
than 80% of the plant’s natural forests have already been destroyed"
(Hatch). Yes humankind is the cause of deforestation, however us humans are also
capable of having a positive effect on this crisis. Tropical forests cover about

10 per cent of the world’s dry land surface, mostly located in South America
and Asia (Dudley 6). In the tropical forests of the world, deforestation is
occurring for agriculture and livestock pastures. The main cause is the unequal
distribution of land (Anderson). Temperate forests are found in land areas that
are warm enough and low enough to support trees but not so hot to be tropical.

They are found in North America, Europe and cooler parts of Australia (Dudley

4). The problems in temperate forests are not so much the decrease in overall
forest area, but the substantial change in the types of forests and their
ecological diversity and stability. Commercial forestry is the main cause of
deforestation in temperate forests. "In very broad terms, the total area of
forest in Europe, the USSR and North America is likely to decrease only slightly
in the medium future, but the proportion of forest existing as plantation is
liable to rise sharply" (Dudley 66). This however is going to lead to an
increase in conflict between the recreational and conservation interests and
will also tend to make forestry a more capital-intensive operation, thus
providing fewer jobs. Since so many people are dependent on the world’s
forests, deforestation will have a social, economical and ecological effect on
the world. Most of these effects are negative ones. The loss of forestlands is
connected to desertification, which translates into there being fewer trees,
thus decreasing the future forest workers employment. Heavy rainfall and high
sunlight quickly damage the topsoil in tropical rainforest, causing them to
regenerate slower and also providing insufficient farming grounds. When forests
are replanted there will also be a loss in quality. Also the medical treatments,
cures and vaccines will never be discovered if there are no forests to discover
them in. There may be a loss of future markets for ecotourism. The value of a
forest is often higher when