Grapes Of Wrath By Steinbeck

The Grapes of Wrath John Steinbeck's novel, The Grapes of Wrath has left much
specifically untold about the authors true intentions on this book. His epic
chronicle has been described as being "Written with passionate
conviction" (Dorothy Parker). This passionate conviction has led John

Steinbeck into mastering bold dramatization. His skills at the art of
dramatization in literature was not solely used in The Grapes of Wrath, but also
used in another of his twisted and possibly controversial works called Of Mice
and Men. One of John Steinbeck's main and possibly most obvious themes, is the
hostility and frequent hatred between the migrant workers and the already
socially and financially established Californians. There are many examples in
the book that show not only that Steinbeck thought that it was an issue to be
concerned with, but also it showed his thoughts and feelings towards the
subject. Three examples of this theme are shown during encounters with other
people that have already been there, in the corollary chap Along the way to

California the Joad's encountered other people that had already been to

California and were now returning. These people, like the ragged man with the
sunburned face from the road-side camp described on page 242. He had had
children that died because wages were too low and work was too scarce to afford
food for his children and wife. His story was one of pain and despair, also his
story showed the cruelty and inhumane treatment which the California land owners
displayed towards the migrant workers. This grim story of the broken man didn't
discourage the Joad's from parting from the set course. Later on inside the

Californian border the Joads stop by a river. Tom and his Father find a spot to
go swimming where they are promptly joined on page 263 by two men, a man and his
son, who asked if they may also partake in swimming with Tom and his Father. The
men start talking and it turns out that the other two men have just come from

California. They tell a story not extremely unlike the other story which the man
at the road-side camp described. Their story describes the conditions as very
uncomfortable. Subsequently the Joads paid no head to this warning either.

Hence, they traveled on, only to meet up with (on page 274) a very dispassionate
police officer. This gave the Joads a first hand sip of the general mood that

Californians had for these migrant workers. The policeman treated the migrants
with little or no respect, seemed to just as soon see them drop off the face of
the earth than see them come into California. The Corollary chapter Nineteen
deals with the history of California. How it was settled by the feverish

Americans. Through these descriptions we can start to understand the

Californians view on why they dislike the migrant workers with such conviction.

The chapter describes the initial owners of the land, the Mexicans, as being
"weak and fed". This description would suggest that the Mexican's were
well fed and content to live freely on the land with little desire to need more.

Thus they were in little position to try and stop the onslaught of American's
who wanted the land much more than the Mexicans did, and were too weak to stop
them from doing so. This lead to the turning over of the land to the American's
in the California region. This same land was kept by the same families and
worked with much success. So much success that they needed to work only part of
it to stay leisurably comfortable, financially. Therefore the burning desire for
the land diminished. This is where the migrant workers come in. The Californians
view of the workers are very much the same as the Mexican's must have thought of
the Californians when there land was taken over. Consequently the Californians,
being afraid that history might repeat itself and the workers may take over the
land, the Californians tried to discourage the growth in population of migrant
workers as much as possible. Any way that they could, legal or not. The killing
of Jim Casy is an example of the cruel behavior of the Californians. They killed

Jim Casy because he was a leader. Not just any leader, but a leader that wanted
justice and decency for migrant workers. He stood up for the people because
their wages were being cut in half. They were being cut so harshly that you
couldn't even eat off the money that you got in