Greek And Roman Mythology
Greek and Roman mythology have many similarities between them. Each type
has there own set of Gods and Goddesses, although they were worshiped for
similar reasons. The following will explain each God or Goddess and explain how
they compare to each other. The King of Gods in Greek Mythology is known as

Zeus. Zeus was the ruler of the sky, and had the power to create thunderstorms
and lightning as well as earthquakes. He was the child of Cronus and Rhea. As
the story goes he was their sixth child, and the father to protect him from
being overthrown had eaten the five previous children. Zeus was taken to a city
called Crete and hidden from his father. As Zeus grew older and learned of what
happened he found a potion to make his father regurgitate the other children.

Once this happened they all teamed up and killed their father. Zeus then became
the ruler of Mount Olympus, and head of the new line of Gods. Jupiter was the
predominant power holder of Roman Gods. He was ruler of the sky, the daylight,
all the weather, and even the thunder and lightening. Jupiter helped drive back
the Sabines. His temple was built in the Capitol, and newly elected counsels
offered their first prayers to him. Hera was the wife and sister of Zeus, and
the High Goddess of the Greeks. She was extremely jealous of the affairs that
her husband was having and often tormented or harmed the mistresses he was
fooling around with. Although, when she went too far, or tried to cause death,

Zeus would intervene and stop her. Hera tried to ship wreak Heracles on his
return from Troy, and with that Zeus had her hung by the wrists from top of the
mountain with an anvil tied to each ankle. The two had four children together.

Juno, Hera’s counterpart, was the wife of Jupiter. Juno was the protector of
women, especially those who are married. Women often gave offerings to Juno to
help with their childbirth. The God of the Underworld, Hades, was the brother of

Zeus. He gained Hell, as his share in conquering their father. He is most known
for kidnapping his wife, Persephone, while she was picking flowers in a field.

As the story goes, Hades had her eat a piece of food in the Underworld,
therefore she could not live on the Earth again. Her father, Zeus, made
arrangements for her to be allowed on Earth for two-thirds of the year and in
the Underworld as Hade’s wife for the rest of the time. This is used as the
cause of spring and winter. When she returns to the surface she brings spring
with her and when she returns to the Underworld she leaves winter behind her.

Pluto, the Roman God of the Underworld, who’s name also means rich. It
reflects the rich mineral resources beneath the ground and the rich resources
above the earth. In art he is shown with the Horn of Plenty. This horn is most
likely why we associate the Devil, or Satan, as having a horn on top of his
head. His name was thought of to be bad luck, and therefore was hardly mentioned
in myths. Ares was the child of Zeus and Hera. He was the God of War. Whenever
he was seen or portrayed he would be fully armed and ready for battle. Any cause
to fight or go to war would bring him out and about. He was the discomfited
lover of Aphrodite. Almost all of his children by mortal women were of a violent
nature. Mars, The Roman God of War and Agriculture, was the second most
important god after Jupiter. The month March was named after Mars, and was also
the first month of the Roman calendar. March was the month when agriculture was
reborn and when most people engaged in war. Mars was given his own priest and
altar in Rome. The wolf and woodpecker were the sacred animals of Mars. A
festival in October was held in his honor and all farmers and soldiers would lay
aside their weapons and had a celebration. The Greek Goddess of Love and Beauty
was Aphrodite. She was married to the Smith God, Hephaestus, but left him for
the God of War. She favored the Trojans during the Trojan War. She was known to
have angry mood swings and all the gods and mortals paid dearly for it.

Aphrodite and Venus were counterparts in mythology. Venus, The Roman Goddess of

Love, was first worshiped in pre-Roman