Greek Mythology
In order to explain certain natural events, such as earthquakes, windstorms, and
thunder and lightning storms, The Greeks invented a collection of myths and
characters. Just as with most modern religions, Greek Mythology bases most of
itís myths on morality and ethics issues. Unlike Egyptian Mythology, the

Greeks did not focus on what was going to happen in their afterlife. They were
more concerned with the here and now. There was no written special commandments
in Greek Mythology. The Greeks did, however, base most of their moral and
ethical ideals on the Iliad and the Odyssey, both written by Homer. In his work,

Homer says that man holds his own fate in his hands. He portrays that wrath will
cause much suffering, pain, and even death. Homer formed the fundamental
attitude of the Greek mind. He established the foundation of excellence for all
aspects of life, and the Greeks put these into their reality. Nothing was known
about Homer or any part of his life, so the question arises as to whether Homer
was a single individual or was he, in actuality, a collection of authors. The

Greeks had a polytheistic culture. Unlike the religions of other ancient
civilizations, the Greeks created the gods in their own image. They were holy
deities that could make contact with humans, often in a disguise. The gods had
the same desires and weaknesses as human beings and the myths often portrayed
them as lustful, greedy and vengeful. There was no holy place that the Greeks
went and prayed to the gods. Instead, the temples that were erected, were for
the gods to come and visit. Festivals were often held to praise the gods. During
these festivals, no war could be fought. The gods spoke to humans through
oracles and people often went to these oracles for advise on what the gods
wanted. The gods were used to explain whether humans would have great fortune or
hardships. They lived at the highest point of Greece, Mount Olympus. According
to the myths, there were three generations of gods. The first were the Titans.

The second group of gods were the Olympians and the last were the Lessor Gods.

Cronus was the leader of the Titans. He was married to Rhea. As the ruler of the

Titans, he had been warned that one of his children would overthrow him. To
prevent this, he swallowed all five of them. Rhea became pregnant again, and did
not want her sixth child to be swallowed. She hid away until the baby was born.

This baby was Zeus, later to become the king of the Olympians. When Rhea
returned, she deceived Cronus by giving him a rock wrapped in cloth to swallow.

After being raised by Nymphs, Zeus grew strong and went back to find Rhea. Gaea,
the Earth goddess, gave Zeus a potion. Cronus was, once again, deceived and he
drank the potion. The magic potion forced Cronus to vomit up all of Zeusí
brothers and sisters; Hestia, Demeter, Hera, Hades and Poseidon. A war broke out
between the Titans and the Olympians. It was a war of natural disasters and
using thunder, lightning, rough seas and volcanoes, the Olympians were
victorious over the Titans. Zeus sent his father and uncles to the underworld.

Zeus was the god of the sky and the rain. His weapon was a thunderbolt. He
married his sister, Hera, the goddess of marriage. Zeus gained marriage to her
through trickery. He pretended to be a bird to convince Hera to feel sorry for
him. As soon as she comforted the little creature, he changed back into his
normal form. He then raped her. Hera only married him because of the shame that
she felt. Hera was often been portrayed as a jealous nuisance but Zeus
repeatedly chased earth women and goddesses, having many affairs that bore many
children. The greatest temple in Greece was in honor of Hera. In actuality, the
myths show that man worshipped her For before Zeus was worshipped. "god"
originally was thought to have the form of the woman. Early man worshipped the
female body either pregnant or of age to have children. The only power humans
had was over reproduction, so this was sacred. Zeus had two brothers that helped
him defeat his father Cronus. Poseidon was the God of the sea, earthquakes and
horses. He also had the ability to change shape, and, oftentimes, he changed
into a horse. The trident was his weapon and although he was allowed to live on

Mount Olympus, he spent most of the time underwater. Hades was Zeusí other