Heart Of Darkness And Maslow

Heart of Darkness - Marlow's Lies A lie is an untruth. It can be a false
statement or a statement left unsaid which causes someone to be misled. In life
lies are told for many different reasons. In fiction they thicken the plot. In

Conrad's Heart of Darkness, Marlow dislikes lies and therefore only tells two,
both in extraordinary circumstances, and the lies show the following about

Marlow: even though he has been touched by evil, he is still a good man himself;
that he never actually tells a lie, he lets others continue to believe what they
already believe; and that this helps him justify the lies. Marlow, in the middle
of his story, interupts himself to say "You know I hate, detest, and can't
bear a lie." He does not think he is better than the rest of the world.

Lies simply appal him. Marlow feels there is a "taint of death, and a
flavor of mortality in lies." Lying makes him feel "miserable and
sick, like biting something rotten would do." Since he feels this way, he
would only tell a lie in extraordinary circumstances. The first lie was told by

Marlow in extraordinary circumstances. It was told because he had a notion it
would somehow be of help to Mr. Kurtz. The lie was to allow the brick maker to
think he had more influence in the company than he actually had. This lie would
help Kurtz in two ways. Firstly it would help Marlow to get the rivets he needed
to fix the boat, and that would provide Kurtz with a means of communication, or
a way out of the jungle. Secondly it would provide Kurtz with an ally who was
perceived as influential. Marlow knew that others were jealous of the success of

Mr. Kurtz. Some saw him as the next "Director of the Company," and
some were trying to find a reason to hang him. If Marlow was considered
powerful, he might be able to help Mr. Kurtz. This is an extraordinary reason
for telling a lie. The second lie was also told in extraordinary circumstances.

It is told to "the intended" so that the image of her dead fiance
would not be destroyed. She has waited at least two years for her lover to
return from Africa, and now he is dead. During this time she has built his image
up in her mind. To her Kurtz is a man to be admired. She feels it would be
"impossible not to love him." She was proud to have been engaged to

Kurtz, and would be shocked to learn of the things he had done. Marlow had to
decide if he should tell her the truth about Kurtz and cause her even greater
grief, or let her go on believing that he was a good man. This is an
extraordinary circumstance, and thus one in which Marlow could tell a lie. The
significance of this lie is that it would serve no purpose to tell the truth, so

Marlow does not. Kurtz is dead and to tell the truth would only hurt an innocent
woman. She had no idea that her fiance had an evil heart. She thought that he
was loved and admired by everyone who knew him. If she learned of the things he
had done, it would destroy her. Marlow showed his good side by not telling her
the truth about Kurtz. This is a suitable ending to the work because it means
that even though Marlow has met a man with a "Heart of Darkness," and
that even after facing his own darkness, he has come out of the jungle
unchanged, for the most part. He is still a good human being with feelings and a
sense of right and wrong. Marlow never actually vocalized a lie. He simply
allowed others to continue to believe an untruth. First the brick maker thought

Marlow was more influential than he actually was, and Marlow allowed him to
continue to believe that. Secondly the intended thought her fiance was a good
man, and Marlow allowed her to continue to believe that. Since he never actually
vocalized a lie, he was better able to justify them to himself. Marlow dislikes
lies, and only tells them in extraordinary circumstances. When he does lie, it
is for the sake of others, not himself. This shows that he is a kind human
being. It is unfortunate that all lies are not told with such noble purpose. The
world would be a better