Hidden Human Depravity
"You never really understand a person until you consider things from his point of view" (Lee). Different experiences and backgrounds create a person's unique characteristics. People try to understand and know each other more but can never accomplish this completely. People hide some parts of their identity so that others will never know about them. However, parts of human nature cannot be seen until situations become extreme. In the book Lord of the Flies written by William Golding, a group of young English boys are stranded on an island facing extreme situations without the help of any adults. Golding uses an omniscient narrator who oversees everything, a remote island as the setting, and various symbols which conveys the deeper meaning to reveal the theme of total human depravity as individuals are free from the constraints of society.
Lord of the Flies is written in an omniscient third person which allows the kids to be observed outside of their group. Golding uses this type of point of view in order to sit high above the chaos and cruelty of the novel and watches the characters fall further into madness. However, the narrator only explains the situation and does not include any opinion about their madness and instability. The boys' true nature can be seen: scared little kids left without adult supervision for far too long. These boys, throughout the book, enjoy their freedom away from any restraints that held them back. With the possibility that they may never return home, the young ones are too busy playing. The "littluns," around the age of six, depend on the "biguns," aged around twelve. Feeling that they have to take care of the littluns, the biguns start to act like adults and decide what should be the first thing to do. Jack, one of the savage ones, decides to explore the island with two other biguns, Ralph and Simon. During their investigation of the island, they encounter a wild pig but hesitate to kill it. In the beginning, they were not able to proceed this killing but later on in the book, they make rituals and dances to celebrate the successful hunt. The kids on the island start to become more savage as time passes and later feel no guilt for killing three kids that were with them. Later on, even the littluns joins the savage biguns and they do not hesitate to kill the one kid that did not join their group. Throughout these events, the narrator does not take any sides. Because the book is written in omniscient third person, the savage acts by the kids are revealed without bias.
The next crucial element of the book that brings forth the human nature of savagery is setting. During a war, a group of boys are stranded on a deserted island where adults are absent. In the chaos of disorder, the biguns step up, create rules, and select a leader. The first thing the boys decide to do is build a fire high in the hills to create smoke as a signal for, if possible, a passing boat. Realizing that maintaining the fire is important, the leader orders a group of boys to keep the fire while the others hunt. However, even with the plan to being rescued, the boys are too busy chasing pigs. This excitement causes them to forget about the fire, losing their first opportunity of leaving the island. Angry about the situation, the leader condemns the boys about the choice they made. Nonetheless, the boys have too much fun and decide to ignore the leader and create another group which focuses on savagery. Because they are away from any type of law, the boys do not feel guilty when they perform decisions that would have caused them great trouble. The boys have no limits. They are reckless with each other and start to expose their depraved natures. The boys end up killing three other boys: the littlun who wanders off and dies in the forest fire, Simon who tries to inform the boys about the beast and gets killed, and Piggy who was standing up for himself in the bullying and dies by a boulder pushed by