Immigration And Economics
Population changes continuously over the past in the Canada. There is two type
of changing in population. One of them is the natural increase since the New

France is become the colony in 1665. The other type is immigration from or
emigration to other countries. People immigrate to Canada because there is an
advantaged condition than their own country to induce them. Canada has fertility
natural resources that are fur, fishery and timber. In the earliest of Canada
prior to 1850, agriculture is the main sector that is about 60% in the Canada.

However, in the late nineteenth century, the natural resource of the timber is
declined. Besides, the growing up of the industrial development such as irons
and steel. Many immigrants move to Canada lead the real wages to fell, then many

Canadian move to United States. After the First World War, there is a wheat boom
on that period, which attract more people to come to Canada. The demand for the
manufacturing goods that relates to the wheat is increase after the war;
therefore, it also contributes to the development of the industrial. In this
period, the development is not stimulate by the natural resources, but the
political revolution, new technical, and the open of the new market. The
immigration is relevant to the economic and political problems in Canada.

Therefore, the changes of the population can be contributed to the economic
activity. The different patterns of living styles and behavior from the
immigrants also influenced the economic development. Therefore, it is important
of population changes. There was a brain drain to the United States between

1881- 1901. The net immigration between this period is negative that means the
emigration from Canada is so high although the immigration is high. Although,
there are some skilled labors immigrate to United States, the high immigration
also increased the labors supply with lower wages than domestic labors. The
immigration also one of the factor of developing of the economic in the Canada.

In the period of 1881- 1901, the primary sector of agriculture continuously
declined because the exploited of the natural resource such as timber that is
the agriculture product was declined. The demand for labor force of agriculture
is decreased, therefore the unemployment rate is increased. The important of
agriculture has continuously declined, but the non- agriculture employment that
associated with urbanization has increased. The labor flowed to the
manufacturing and tertiary sector that are growing. Besides, the immigration
continuously increases, the lack of opportunity in the home country tend to
immigrate to United States that have. Since the immigrants increased the labor
supply, but the demand of the labor is slowly. Therefore, the real wages in

Canada fell. The immigrants often work for lower wages than the native born

Canadians. Besides, the demand for the skilled labor in U.S. is increased
rapidly, so there would be a different in real wages between U.S. and Canada.

The real wages in U.S. is higher than Canada. This induced native-born Canadian
to move to United States. Since the urbanization is grew up, many agriculture
labors move to urban United States. And the transportation is more convenience.

In the period of 1881-91, the immigration from other country is so high which is
about 903 thousands, but the emigration is also high which is about 1,108
thousands. Therefore, the net immigration is negative. In the period of 1890-

1900, the Canadian- born live in the U.S. is about 1.6% that is the higher.

However, the net immigration is positive since the wheat boom in 1900s. Because
of attracting of net return of the new element, many immigrate was induced to

Canada. There is a relative between population changes and the economic growth.

Although the immigrants deplete the employment opportunity to the native- born

Canadian, it brings tangible savings to Canada. They push the labor market
opportunity at Canada. The immigration can be examined of the production,
consumption and economy-of-scale effects. First of all, the immigrants can
satisfy the shortages in the labor market. Although the demand of the
agriculture is declined, but other sector such as manufacturing is increased in
need of labor. The expansion of the industries leads to create new job
opportunity. Besides, the immigrants would invest their capital to the
industries, it also provides some new job opportunity. Then, the immigrants may
also have different expenditure patterns to the native-born Canadian. The
greater demand of goods and service is also stimulate the growth of
manufacturing. Immigration is also an important condition for viewing the
population change. It can be indicate that the social and economic changes, then
it can improve our living