Immigration Problem

The world has gone through a revolution and it has changed a lot. We have cut
the death rates around the world with modern medicine and new farming methods.

For example, we sprayed to destroy mosquitoes in Sri Lanka in the 1950s. In one
year, the average life of everyone in Sri Lanka was extended by eight years
because the number of people dying from malaria suddenly declined. This was a
great human achievement. But we cut the death rate without cutting the birth
rate. Now population is soaring. There were about one billion people living in
the world when the Statue of Liberty was built. There are 4.5 billion today.

World population is growing at an enormous rate. The world is going to add a
billion people in the next eleven years, that's 224,000 every day! Experts say
there will be at least 1.65 billion more people living in the world in the next
twenty years. We must understand what these numbers mean for the U.S. Let's look
at the question of jobs. The International Labor organization projects a
twenty-year increase of 600 to 700 million people who will be seeking jobs.

Eighty-eight percent of the world's population growth takes place in the Third

World. More than a billion people today are paid about 150 dollars a year, which
is less than the average American earns in a week. And growing numbers of these
poorly paid Third World citizens want to come to the United States. In the

1970s, all other countries that accept immigrants started controlling the number
of people they would allow into theircountries. The United States did not. This
means that the huge numbers of immigrants who are turned down elsewhere will
turn to the United States. The number of immigrants is staggering. The human
suffering they represent is a nightmare. Latin America's population is now 390
million people. It will be 800 million in the year 2025. Mexico's population has
tripled since the Second World War. One third of the population of Mexico is
under ten years of age, as a result, in just ten years, Mexico's unemployment
rate will increase 30 percent, as these children become young adults, in search
of work. There were in1990 an estimated four million illegal aliens in the

United States, and about 55 percent of them were from Mexico. These people look
to the United States. Human population has always moved, like waves, to fresh
lands. But for the first time in human history, there are no fresh lands, no new
continents. We will have to think and decide with great care what our policy
should be toward immigration. At this point in history, American immigration
policies are in a mess. Our borders are totally out of control. Our border
patrol arrests 3000 illegal immigrants per day, or 1.2 million per year, and Two
illegal immigrants get in for every one caught. And those caught just try again!

More than 1 million people are entering the U.S. legally every year. From 1983
through 1992, 8.7 million of these newcomers arrived-the highest number in any

10-year period since 1910. A record 1.8 million were granted permanent residence
in 1991. Because present law stresses family unification, these arrivals can
bring over their spouses, sons and daughters: some 3.5 million are now in line
to come in. Once here, they can bring in their direct relatives. As a result,
there exists no visible limit to the number of legal entries. Until a few years
ago, immigrants seeking asylum were rare. In 1975, a total of 200 applications
were received in the U.S. Suddenly, asylum is the plea of choice in the U.S.,
and around the world, often as a cover for economic migration. U.S. applications
were up to 103,000 last year, and the backlog tops 300,000 cases. Under the
present asylum rules, practically anyone who declares that he or she is fleeing
political oppression has a good chance to enter the U.S. Chinese are almost
always admitted, for example, if they claim that China's birth-control policies
have limited the number of children they can have. Right now, once aliens enter
the U.S., it is almost impossible to deport them, even if they have no valid
documents. Thousands of those who enter illegally request asylum only if they
are caught. The review process can take 10 years or more, and applicants often
simply disappear while it is under way. Asylum cases are piling up faster than
they can be cleared, with the Immigration and Naturalization Service falling
farther behind every year. At her confirmation hearings at the end of September,