Internet IT
The internet offers a huge wealth of information both good and bad,
unfortunately the vary nature of the internet makes policing this new domain
practically impossible. The internet began as a small university network in the

United States and has blossomed into a vast telecommunications network spanning
the globe. Today the internet is ruled by no governing body and it is an open
society for ideas to be developed and shared in. Unfortunately every society has
its seedy underside and the internet is no exception. To fully understand the
many layers to this problem, an understanding of net history is required. Some
thirty years ago the RAND corporation, Americas first and foremost Cold War
think-tank faced a strange strategic problem. The cold war had spawned
technologies that allowed countries with nuclear capability to target multiple
cities with one missile fired from the other side of the world. Post-nuclear

America would need a command and control network, linked from city to city,
state to state and base to base. No matter how thoroughly that network was
armored or protected, its switches and wiring would always be vulnerable to the
impact of atomic bombs. A nuclear bombardment would reduce any network to
tatters. Any central authority would be an obvious and immediate target for
enemy missiles. The center of a network would be the first place to go. So RAND
mulled over this puzzle in deep military secrecy and arrived at their solution.

In 1964 their proposed ideas became public. Their network would have no central
authority, and it would be designed from the beginning to operate while in
tatters. All the nodes in the network would be equal in status to all other
nodes, each node having its own authority to originate, pass and receive
messages. The messages themselves would be divided into packets, each packet
separately addressed. Each packet would begin at some specified source node and
end at some other specified destination node. The particular route that the
packet took would be unimportant, only the final results counted. Each packet
would be tossed around like a hot potato from node to node, more or less in the
direction of its destination, until it ended up in the proper place. If big
chunks of the network were blown away, which wouldn't matter, the packets would
still stay airborne, moving across the field by whatever nodes happened to
survive. This system was efficient in any means (especially when compared to the
phone system), but it was extremely tough. In the 1960's this concept was thrown
around by RAND, MIT and UCLA. In 1969 the first such node was installed in UCLA.

By December of 69, there were four nodes on the network, which was called

ARPANET, after its Pentagon sponsor. The nodes of the network were high-speed
supercomputers. (supercomputers at the time, desktop machines now) Thanks to

APRANET scientists and researchers could share one another's computer facilities
over long-distances. By the second year of its operation however, APRANET's
users had warped the high cost, computer sharing network into a dedicated,
high-speed, federally subsidized electronic post office. The main bulk of
traffic on ARPANET was not long-distance computing, it was news and personal
messages. The incredibly expensive network using the fastest computers on the
planet was a message base for gossip and schmooze. Throughout the 70s this very
fact made the network grow, its software allowed many different types of
computers to become part of the network. Since the network was decentralized it
was difficult to stop people from barging in and linking up. In fact nobody
wanted to stop them from joining up and this branching complex of networks came
to be known as the internet. In 1984 the National Science Foundation got into
the act, and the new NSFNET set a blistering pace for technical advancement,
linking newer, faster, shinier supercomputers through thicker, faster links.

ARPANET formally expired in 1989, a victim of its own success, but its users
scarcely noticed as ARPANET's functions not only continued but improved. In 1971
only four nodes existed, today tens of thousands of nodes make up the network
and 35 million of users make up the internet community. The internet is and
institution that resists institutionalization. The internet community, belonging
to everyone yet no-one, resembles our own community in many ways, and is
susceptible to many of the same pressures. Business people want the internet put
on sounder financial footing. Government people want the Internet more fully
regulated. Academics want it dedicated exclusively to scholarly research.

Military people want it spyproof and secure. All these sources of conflict
remain in a stumbling balance and so far