Japan And Thailand


Thailand and Japan are two countries situated in the Australian, Asian and

Pacific (A.A.P) region. There are many similarities and differences in their
physical and human geographies. Japan is an archipelago of 3900 mountainous
islands with a total land size of 377 835km2. Located in East Asia along the

\'Pacific Ring of Fire\' Japan ranges from North 50 30I to 210 and East 970 3I to

1030 3I. In contrast, Thailand is a larger country with a total landmass of 511

770km2. It is located in South East Asia on the Indo-China and Malayan
peninsula. Thailandís landmass ranges from 70 5I to 200 5I North and 970 to

105o 41 East. Thailand has a tropical climate that experiences monsoonal
influences, whereas Japan has a diverse climate, ranging from sub-tropical in
the south to alpine conditions on the elevated peaks. Japan has an aging
population, which is twice the size of Thailand\'s. 90% of Japanís 126 million
people live on only 20% of its dry land. Dissimilarly, Thailandís population
is more evenly spread with a distribution of 117 persons per km2. Japan is a

More Developed country (M.D.C) with a GNP per capita of US$34 500, which makes
it Asia most affluent country. Japan Economy relies on services and high
technology industries. Thailand is a Less-Developed country (L.D.C) with a GNP
per capita of US$8 800. Thailandís population relies more on a subsistence way
of life. In fact 75% of its inhabitants making their living from farming. Japan
is an island archipelago with over 3900 islands. The four main islands, Honshu,

Hokkaido, Kyushu and Shikoku stretch for over 3 800 kilometres. The country
situated on the edge of large tectonic plates which are constantly moving
providing an unpredictable countryside. The Pacific Ocean, Sea of Japan, Korea

Strait and the East China Sea surround the Japanese archipelago. Unlike Japan,

Thailand is not a group of islands, it is however a larger country with a land
area of 511 770km2. Thailand\'s extends 2500km from North 50 30I to 210 and

1250km from East 970 3I to 1030 3I. The most southern land extends down the

Malayan peninsula and borders with Malaysia. The country also borders with

Burma, Laos and Cambodia as well as the Indian Ocean and the Gulf of Thailand.

Similarly, both Japan and Thailand have elevated landscapes. Japan physical
geography is described as rugged and mountainous. Over 80% of the land is at an
elevated level and there are 532 mountains over 2000 metres. The mountain ranges
extend across the islands from north to south. The main ranges are located
throughout the central areas of the four main islands. The highest mountain is
on Honshu, Mt Fuji is 3776m above sea level, other large mountains are Mt Kita,

3192m, Mt Hotaka 3190m and Mt Asahi 2290m. The lowest point is Hachiro-gata and
-4m below sea level. Thailand is described as a hilly country with some
mountains located in the North and South. The highest mountain is Inthanon

Mountain at 2595m; other substantial mountains are Luang Chiang Dao at 2182 and

Mt Mokochu at 1964m. There are many volcano located on the Japanese islands, of
which 60 are still active. There are over 1500 earthquakes reported each year,
most cause little or no damage but some can be disastrous. In contrast, there
are no active volcanoes in Thailand and only minor earthquakes occur. Japan
experiences seismic activity such as volcanoes and earthquakes because it is
located on the edge of large tectonic plates which are regularly moving. These
plates are what cause Japan to have such an elevated landform. Thailand only
experiences earthquakes because it is located on an area of folding and not the
edge of tectonic plates. Edges of the tectonic plates run throughout Asia and
have become known as \'the Pacific Ring of Fire\'. Compared to Japan, Thailand has
very few forest and trees. Substantial amounts of land have been cleared for
agricultural purposes. Only 25% of the land has been left with coverings of
forests and woodlands. Japan has 68% of land surfaced with forests and
woodlands. 34% of Thailand\'s landmass is considered arable, which enables it to
be cultivated. In contrast, only 11% of Japanese land in considered arable. This
is because of the steep rugged land that is throughout Japan. Only 1% of Japan\'s
landmass has permanent crops being cultivated, whereas 6% of Thailand land has
permanent crops. Similar, Japan and Thailand both have 2 per-cent of their land
covered with permanent crops. Japan and Thailand are heavily reliant on the
production of rice and because of this the land must be saturated