Jarodney Roberts

MUS 2150

Dr. Armstrong


Trumpet

The trumpet is much more than a musical instrument. In fact, the trumpet is a part of world history. For thousands of years, the trumpet has played an essential role in almost every civilization on the planet. The trumpet has soldiered on throughout history, and today it can be heard in all kinds of musical styles, from rock to classical. Remember, your trumpet is much more than a musical instrument. It's been a clarion call to humanity for centuries. The trumpet has a long and rich history, starting with the belief that the trumpet was used as a signaling device in Ancient Egypt, Greece and the Near East. Charles Clagget first attempted to create a valve mechanism in the form of a trumpet in 1788, however, the first practical one was invented by Heinrich Stoelzel and Friedrich Bluhmel in 1818, known as a box tubular valve. The trumpet acquired its folded form during the 14th and 15th centuries. During this time, the trumpet was merely recognized as an instrument used to signal, announce, and proclaim along with other similar and relevant purposes. During this time, it was referred to as natural trumpet and produced "harmonic" tones. It was later when the trumpet began to be considered as a musical instrument.
A trumpet is a brass wind instrument noted for its powerful tone sounded by lip vibration against its cup-shaped mouthpiece. A trumpet consists of a cylindrical tube, shaped in a primary oblong loop that flares into a bell. Modern trumpets also have three piston valves as well as small, secondary tubing that act as tuning slides to adjust the tone. Almost all trumpets played today are B-flat. This is the tone naturally played when the trumpet is blown. They have a range between the F-sharp below middle C to two and a half octaves above (ending at B), and are comparatively easier to play than other brass instruments.
The first trumpets were probably sticks that had been hollowed out by insects. Numerous early cultures, such as those in Africa and Australia, developed hollow, straight tubes for use as megaphones in religious rites. These early "trumpets" were made from the horns or tusks of animals, or cane. the Egyptians had developed trumpets made from bronze and silver, with a wide bell. People in India, China, and Tibet also created trumpets, which were usually long and telescoped. Some, like Alpine horns, rested their bells on the ground. Assyrians, Israelites, Greeks, Etruscans, Romans, Celts, and Teutonic tribes all had some form of horn, and many were decorated. These instruments, which produced low, powerful notes, were mainly used in battle or during ceremonies. They were not usually considered to be musical instruments. To make these trumpets, the lost-wax method was used. In this process, wax was placed in a cavity that was in the shape of a trumpet. This mold was then heated so that the wax melted away, and in its place molten bronze was poured, producing a thick-walled instrument.
The Crusades of the late Middle Ages (A.D. 1095-1270) caused most of Europe to come into contact with Arabic cultures, and it is believed that these introduced trumpas made from hammered sheets of metal. To make the tube of the trumpet, a sheet of metal was wrapped around a pole and soldered. To make the bell, a curved piece of metal shaped somewhat like an arc of a phonograph record was dovetailed. One side was cut to form teeth. These teeth were then splayed alternately, and the other side of the piece of metal was brought around and stuck between the teeth. Hammering the seam smoothed it down. 1400 the long, straight trumpets were bent, thus providing the same sound in a smaller, more convenient instrument. Molten lead was poured into the tube and allowed to solidify. This was then beaten to form a nearly perfect curve. The tube was next heated and the lead was poured out. The first bent trumpets were S-shaped, but rapidly the shape evolved to become a more convenient oblong loop.
A variety of trumpets were developed during the last half of the eighteenth century, as both musicians and trumpet makers searched