John Dalton

Dalton was born in September 5,1766 in Eaglesfield in Cumberland, England.

Dalton and his family lived in a small country house. His family had been

Quakers since 1690. Quakers where members of a society of friends. John had a
brother named Mary and A brother named Charles, when he was born his brother was
twelve years old and his sister was two years old. Dalton\'s birth was not
recorded, so when he grew up older he asked one of his relatives and got and
answer which was his birthday. His parents were honest people and good workers.

His dad Joseph had land he had inherited were Dalton and his brother Charles
help out with the crop. His mother Deborah Greenup homespun textile Dalton\'s
sister help her too. John Dalton\'s family were poor but "although they were
never hungry they were poor" Dalton was lucky he was a Quaker , other boys
received little or no education, but as Quakers Dalton received a fair education
at the closest Quaker school . For Dalton it was an achievement going to school
since in those times only one out of two-hundred and fifteen people could read.

John Dalton went to the Quaker school at Pardshow Hall. Dalton was quick when it
came to studies and in mathematical problems he was good and seem to be tireless
of them. John Fletcher was Dalton\'s teacher, he was a smart man who didn\'t use a
rod to hammer in learning to Dalton, he was to provide Dalton with a excellent
back-round and lifelong quest for knowledge. Then came Elihu Robinson a rich

Quaker gentlemen. who become Dalton\'s mentor, and was another person to lead

Dalton to mathematics , science, and specially meteorology. John Dalton had an
intense fascination for meteorology he even in fact kept careful daily weather
records for forty six straight years. When Dalton was twelve he opened his
school in Eaglesfield. He was smaller than some boys so he was threatened by the
older boys who wanted to fight with the young teacher. He managed to control the
kids for two years, but eventually due to poor salary Dalton return to work the
land for his rich uncle. In 1785 Dalton and his brother opened another school
this time at Kendall where Dalton had recently moved in. The school offered

English, Latin, Greek, French, along with twenty one mathematics and science
subjects. Although they were sixty students attending, Dalton and Charles had to
borrow money and take outside jobs to support themselves. John Dalton was very
smart, but he was poor, unorganized and he was colorblind, In France this
condition was known as Daltonism. Being colorblind was terrible for a chemist,
but inspite of this disadvantages he helped contribute to science. Once in his
mom\'s birthday, he bought his mom some very special stockings. He taught they
were blue and asked his brother to verify if it were really blue, that\'s when

Dalton found out him and his brother were both colorblind. Dalton studied the
condition from which himself suffer colorblindness. And he did a paper in it
which, brought more attention than then his first book published when presented
to the Manchester Literary and Philosophical Society. His paper was the earliest
description of the phenomenon of vision. John Dalton later met another man named

Gough who was his new mentor. He was the son of a wealthy tradesman, and was
blind. He taught Dalton languages, mathematics, and optics. Dalton dedicated to

Gough two of his earliest published books to Gough who had encourage his
lifelong interest in meteorology, Gough was the one that told Dalton to keep a
daily journal, and he would for forty six straight years. Through his
observations Dalton was the first to prove the validity of the concept that rain
is precipitated by a decrease in temperature, not by a change in atmospheric
pressure. In 1787 Dalton began to try to get more money by selling his eleven
volume classified botanical collections and giving public lectures. His studying
were to prepare him for medical school, but because of lacked of money, his
family discourage him and did not feel he was suited for a physician. In 1793

Dalton moved to Manchester to tutor at New College. He joined the Manchester

Literary and Philosophical Society. It was there at New College in Manchester
were Dalton published his first book in 1793, entitled Meteorological

Observation and Essays. In his first book he said that each gas exists and its
independently and purely physically, rather than chemically. However his first
published attracted little attention. Dalton\'s most important