John Donne And Hemingway

I. Introduction Ernest Hemingway’s For Whom the Bell Tolls was said to be one
of the most famous books that came out of the Spanish Civil War. This book as
been said to have served as a prelude to the devastation of World War II because
it freed the world united against Fascism. The novel shows humanity’s great
capacity for hope or despair, which is portrayed through two contrasting
characters, Anselmo who is devoted,and Pablo, who is brutish. This literary work
is realistic and the title was quoted from John Donne’s Meditation 17, ...

"Any man’s death diminishes me, beacause I am involved in Mankind; And
therefore never send know for whom the bell tolls; It tolls for thee." The
main character in the novel is Robert Jordan who is an American fighting with

Spanish Loyalists. Robert’s character feels like an alien in his setting and
disoriented. He symbolizes the best of the American dream by giving up his
reputation, the good life, and security. Robert is a talkative, moody, and
lifeless. In the novel, Jordan falls in love with Maria. She does not live a
very interesting life and described as a very gentle person. Her main concern in
life is to please Robert as if he is almost a master. The "bad guy" of the
story is Pablo. He is viewed in the rumors during the time of war. Robert
depends on Pablo for attack plans and escape routes,which shows a reverse trait
on both men. The story begins with Robert and a guide hiking through the
mountains. Jordan planned to make contact with a guerilla band led by Pablo, and

Pilar, his wife. Jordan destroyed bridges to secure attack. Jordan and Maria
fall in love during a mission. El Sordo agreed to help with a mission to blow up
the bridge and secure horses to help the escape. El Sordo and his men were later
killed by the Fascist bombers. As Jordan slept, Pablo, stole and destroyed all
of Robert’s weapons. Jordan and his guide, Anselmo, killed the guards of the
bridge and then destroyed it with dynamite. Jordan found Pablo and forced him to
admitting that he himself had killed the other guerrillas for their horses.

Robert then crossed the bridge last as the Fascist troops had their tanks and
bullets came after him. He told Maria of his love for her and layed next to her
with his crushed leg and later died. Rather than dying in vain, he had his
submachine gun at his side. He took aim at the leading Fascist officer who was
near, and shot him. Hemingway developed the theme of John Donne by portraying
that the destiny of all human beings was bound up in the Spanish Civil War.

Ernest and John both believed that each man exists bound intimately to the fate
of his or her neighbor. They also thought that every human is a neighbor who
can’t be ignored if he or she suffers or dies. II. Body Nunc lento sonitu
dicunt, Morieris, (Now this bell tolling softly for another, says to me, Thou
must die.) from John Donne’s Meditation 17. In his long serious essay, he
states that "All mankind is of one author and is one volume; when one man
dies, one chapter is not torn out of the book, but translated into a better
language, and every chapter must be so translated." These ideas found in the
essay surface in Ernest Hemingway’s For Whom the Bell Tolls. Both writers
believed that a man’s fate is shared by his neighbor and that he can’t be
ignored if he or she is suffering or dying. Hemingway’s novel included the
sacrifice of one’s reputation for his neighbors, the love of another neighbor,
and the end of his "translation". Ernest Hemingway’s style of writing was
forged but became to be original. His prose was made of a collection of short,
strong, sonorous sentences. His writing always contained heros that were men
broken by the world. The women were strong yet weak and always described as
beautiful. Hemingway was best known for describing courage. Ernest found writing
tips from the King James Bible, the deceased Mark Twain, and Stephan Crane.

After finding his own original style, he developed a power in simplicity and
poetry in the everday speech. Hemingway finally made sense of the usual
adjective filled works of mainstream writing. John Donne’s keen mind led to
powerful sermons, both in the church and in his literary works. One of his
religious prose, Meditation 17, is one of the most quoted works of