Karl Marx
Karl Marx was the greatest thinker and philosopher of his time. His views on
life and the social structure of his time revolutionized the way in which people
think. He created an opportunity for the lower class to rise Above the
aristocrats and failed due to the creation of the middle class. Despite this
failure, he was still a great political leader and set the Basis of Communism in

Russia. His life contributed to the way people think Today, and because of him
people are more open to suggestion and are Quicker to create ideas on political
issues. Karl Heinrich Marx was born May 5th, 1818 in Trier. Although he had
three other siblings, all sisters, he was the favorite child to his father,

Heinrich. His mother, a Dutch Jewess named Henrietta Pressburg, had no interest
in Karl\'s intellectual side during his life. His father was a Jewish lawyer, and
before his death in 1838, converted his family to Christianity to preserve his
job with the Prussian state. When Heinrich\'s mother died, he no longer felt he
had an obligation to his religion, thus helping him in the decision in turning
to Christianity. Karl\'s childhood was a happy and carefree one. His parents had
a good relationship and it help set Karl in the right direction." His

\'Splendid natural gifts\' awakened in his father the hope that they would One day
be used in the service of humanity, whilst his mother declared him to be a child
of fortune in whose hands everything would go well. (The story of his life,

Mehring, page 2) In High school, Karl stood out among the crowd. When asked to
write a report on "How to choose a profession" he took a different
approach. He took the angle in which most interested him, by saying that there
was no way to choose a profession, but because of circumstances one is placed in
an occupation. A person with an aristocratic background is more likely to have a
higher role in society as apposed to someone from a much poorer background.

While at Bonn at the age of eighteen he got engaged to Jenny Von Westphalen,
daughter of the upperclassmen Ludwig Von Westphalen. She was the childhood
friend of Marx\'s oldest sister, Sophie. The engagement was a secret one, meaning
they got engaged without asking permission of Jenny\'s parents. Heinrich Marx was
uneasy about this but before long the consent was given. Karl\'s school life
other than his marks is unknown. He never spoke of his friends as a youth, and
no one has ever came to speak of him through his life. He left high school in

August of 1835 to go on to the University of Bonn in the fall of the same year
to study law. His father wanted him to be a lawyer much like himself but when

Karl\'s reckless university life was getting in the way after a year Heinrich
transferred him to Berlin. Also, he did not go to most lectures, and showed
little interest in what was to be learned. Karl\'s reckless ways were not
tolerated at Berlin, a more conservative college without the mischievous ways of
the other universities. While at Berlin, Marx became part of the group known as
the Yong Hegelians. The group was organized in part due to the philosophy
teacher Hegel that taught from 1818 to his death. The teachings of Hegel shaped
the way the school thought towards most things. Those who studied Hegel and his
ideals were known as the Young Hegelians. Hegel spoke of the development and
evolution of the mind and of ideas. Although Karl was younger than most in the
group, he was recognized for his intellectual ability and became the focus of
the group. While at Berlin "He came to believe that all the various
sciences and philosophies were part of one overarching, which, when completed,
which would give a true and total picture of the universe and man."
(Communist Manifesto, Marx (Francis B. Randal), page 15) Marx was an atheist,
and believed that science and philosophy would prove everything. Thus he had no
belief in a god of any type. Marx believed that Hegel must have been an atheist
as well because of his strong belief in the mind. Marx\'s doctoral thesis was
competed in 1841. It carried the title "The Difference Between the

Philosophies of Nature of Democrtius and Epicurus."(The Making of Marx\'s

Critical Theory, Oakley, page 11) It had to do with the Greek philosopher

Epicurus and how his beliefs related to Marxs\' of that day. This thesis was an
early indication of