Kim Il Sung
Kim Il Sung was the pseudonym for Kim Song Ju. He was born on April 15, 1912, at

Mangyongdae, Pyongyang, to a poor peasant family. He and his family emigrated to

Manchuria in the 1920's like many Korean families did at the time. His family
was a most patriotic and revolutionary one, and fought for many generations,
from the beginning of the modern revolutionary movement of the Korean people for
the independence of the country. He grew up receiving his revolutionary
education at home, and acquiring a revolutionary outlook on the world through
study and revolutionary practice. In Manchuria, he attended a Chinese school. He
rallied young students around revolutionary organizations, and educated and
trained them through struggles against the Japanese. He organized the Young

Communist League of Korea on August 28, 1927, and was arrested and imprisoned
for a year by the Chinese authorities for having done so. After his release from
jail in 1930, he formed the first Party organization at Kalun with young
communists of the new generation whom he had trained, and it was the first
organization to be the glorious origin of the Workers' Party of Korea which were
formed later. Afterwards, he organized the Korean Revolutionary Army, which was
the first armed organization of the Korean communists that fought against the

Japanese military. In 1931, he left for the hills of eastern Manchuria to join a

Chinese Communist guerrilla group fighting the Japanese military in Manchuria.

On April 25, 1932, he founded the Korean People's Revolutionary Army, the first
standing revolutionary armed force of the Korean people, and became its
commander. Between the years 1932 to 1941, he led a band of Korean guerrillas
against Japanese positions in Manchuria. It was during this time that he assumed
the pseudonym Kim Il Sung, the name of a legendary resistance fighter that
caused the Japanese a lot of trouble. In 1941, Japanese counterinsurgency forces
forced him to leave Manchuria for the Soviet Union. He remained there, and came
back to Korea in 1945. On August 15, 1945, he achieved national liberation from

Japanese colonial rule. Having received direct Soviet encouragement, he strove
to unify Korea into a communism. After the creation of the Democratic People's

Republic of Korea in 1948, not only did he became the head of the Korean

Workers' Party (unified political party of the working masses), but also became
the Premier of the communist state (the Head of State). He made the fateful
decision to launch a major military campaign to unify Korea under force of arms,
and at 4 a.m. on June 25, 1950, he started the Korean War (a war between North

Korea and South Korea). He led postwar economic reconstruction and the laying of
the foundations of socialism with great wisdom. He also effected the agrarian
reform, nationalization of industries and other democratic reforms, and thus
victoriously carried out the revolution in the northern half of Korea in a short
period of time. After the war, he continued the trend towards one-man rule. He
succeeded in developing a cult of personality with himself to strengthen his
authority. In the post Korean War years, he developed the idea of "Juche",
and ideology of self-reliance blended with Marxism, thus creating a distinct
native Korean communism. And in 1994, at the age of 82, he died. Kim Il Sung was
an autocratic leader in many ways. In order to prepare for a future war, he made
little kids learn military combat skill since they enter elementary school. It
was mandatory for all men to serve the arm forces for ten years. People who had
not serve the arm forces because of some reasons, or people who had not attended

Kim Il Sung University were assigned the most dangerous and hardest jobs. Since
no one was allowed to own a private property, they did not have the motivation
to work. In order make people work, and strengthen the industries and
agriculture, he created things called "A horse that can run 1000

Li/hr", and "Seeing stars exercise". "A horse that can run

1000 Li/hr" means that there is a horse that can run 250km/hr. He told
people that this horse can run 1000 Li/hr because it runs with all its strength,
and forced them to work intensely with all their strength. "Seeing stars
exercise" means that you start working when the stars are out, and stop
working until the stars are out again. He forced people to work every early in
the morning when the stars are out till when it was dark again. He also severely
punished or killed people who had