Living With China

This is a book Summary I did for an International Polictics Course. I do not
wish to have my name published, because if the teacher found out I submitted it

I would be expelled. I attend SUNY in NY, USA. I recieved an A on this paper.

The only comments she made was that I needed to replace the Whichs with thats
& I needed to have a page for siting. Book Summary : Living With China

Living With China: U.S. -China Relations in the Twenty-First Century is a book
edited by Ezra F. Vogel which assess the political, economic, and human rights
issues which the U.S. must consider in developing a consistent and mutually
beneficial foreign relations policy toward China in the twenty-first century.

Tension between U.S.- China relations date back to World War Two. Additionally,
the Tienanmen Square incident in 1989, further aggravated U.S.-China relations.

Since the end of the Cold War, and especially since 1991, the United States has
had no consistent foreign policy in regards to China. This book is a compilation
of background papers, from numerous authors, which were written for the November

1996, American Assembly meeting whose purpose was to discuss and work to reach a
consensus on U.S.-China relations. The essays deal with the issues that will
mold future relations with China. The book consists of an Introduction, eight
chapters and an Address to The American Assembly given by Senator Sam Nunn. The
introduction gives a brief overview of political events and history which have
led to the then current (1997) state of relations between the United Sates and

China. In addition, it gives a concise, clear summary of what issues China and
the U.S. agree upon and which issues they do not. The most notable disagreements
between U.S. and China are over Taiwan and Tibet, and human rights. The
introduction further goes on to include a summary of each chapter in the book.

The eight chapters include topics on issues over Tawain, Tibet, Hong Kong, the

Tiananmen Square incident, international commerce, Chinese economics,
environmental concerns, and commercial diplomacy. The first chapter, written by

Michelle Oksenberg, evaluates the distinctive problems that U.S.-China relations
face in regards to Tibet, Taiwan, and Hong Kong. Oksenberg explains the
conflicting perceptions that the U.S. and China have on these issues. The United

States is worried about what effect Chinese control over Hong Kong may have on
global economy, interested in maintaining acceptable treatment of Tibetans, and
wishes to guard Taiwan from possible Chinese threat or Force. China sees these
as "unwarranted intrusions into its domain," [pg. 94] and a strategy
to keep China weak. Oskenberg opines that the United states and China must have
more talks to remedy these differences while having more empathy and
understanding of the other\'s view. Chapter two is written by Douglas H. Paal and
examines China\'s increasing economic and military influence and how it is likely
to affect the entire East Asian region. There is a delicate balance between the

U.S.\'s protection of other Asian countries and not provoking China. Again, the
need for increased, consistent communications between the U.S. and China are
emphasized. Paal advises that China is willing to work with the U.S. as long as
it comes from a rational base, rather than whims and emotional reactions. In his
conclusion, Paal opines that "to some degree tensions and perceived
provocation will be necessary and inevitable component of a policy intended to
dissuade China and others from counterproductive paths."[118] Chapter 3 is
written by David Lampton, and discusses the undoubted need for China\'s, and
especially Beijing\'s, involvement in world organizations. He makes clear the

U.S. and the world organizations should avoid alienating China. This is because

China is one of the rising global powers and it\'s strong sense of nationalism
cannot be injured without suffering a negative effect on the rest of the world.

Chapter 4 is written by Dwight Perkins, and as its title states, analyzes
"How China\'s Economic Transformation Shapes Its Future." [Pg. 141] The
author goes into long discussion about the changing economics and increasing
wealth in China and what effects this may have globally and the United States.

It is concluded that, even though, the United States has little control over how

China chooses to grow into becoming a global power, it is in the U.S.\'s best
interest to encourage China to do so within the global economic system and join
the World Trade Organization. Chapter 5 is written by Harry Harding and focuses
on the major issue of human rights. The major conflict is in that the