Microsoft Case
As far as I\'ve seen, this entire ordeal is over a FREE browser that Microsoft
includes with windows for FREE and gives out on the internet for FREE just as

Netscape and most other browser companies do. I have yet to see where Microsoft
is charging extraordinary prices for any of these FREE programs nor do I see how

Netscape, in using the governments definition, a "monopoly" itself, is
"being forced out of business" by Microsoft’s FREE browser.

Remember: the charge is against including Internet Explorer with Windows, not
the Windows monopoly itself. What this entire case boils down to is that a few

Washington liberals are upset at Microsoft for daring to be successful. These
are the kind of people that hate wealth, capitalism, and anything that is more
successful than them. My intention is to show that the case against Microsoft as
a monopoly is weak and that the government is wasting its time. As the
government jumps to the defense of the "all-too-often" taken advantage of
consumer, they have accomplished very little. They tried to prevent the release
of Windows 98 (a much anticipated and highly demanded program that was and is
available at reasonable prices) but didn’t even phase the consumers second
thoughts. The government is costing taxpayers millions of dollars to pursue this
suit against Microsoft. Microsoft’s operating system near monopoly is probably
good for us. It is much better to have one operating system than 20 or even 2.

Software compatibility, technical support, and setup are much more simplified
with one operating system. Programs today are specifically designed to be
"Windows compatible." Would you rather have 20 (local) phone
companies, each with a different line and number running into your house or one,
as is the case now? Also, Internet Explorer brings browser competition to a
market that is essentially monopolistic itself (at least if you apply Janet

Reno\'s definitions of monopoly). Internet Explorer gives Netscape a competitive
product where before virtually none existed. The purpose of antitrust laws is to
prevent only harmful monopoly. Microsoft’s operating system near monopoly is
harmful in very few ways. Nor is Intel\'s chip near monopoly harmful, nor is

Netscape’s browser near monopoly. Other reasons easily explain how Microsoft
came about to its size and how new companies constantly spring up in the
computer industry. Computer software is a very volatile industry. To succeed in
this industry all you basically need is a good program and a way to offer it for
sale. When Microsoft, or any other software company, makes a program they only
have to write it once. When this is done, reproduction of this program is very
simple. All they have to do is copy it on a disk. Since making an extra disk
containing the program costs all of 2 cents, it is more costly for the software
company to print the box and manuals than it is to make one extra disk. With
this situation occurring, a good program, once written, can be produced marketed
at virtually no additional cost. Well you say, "if disks only cost 2 cents,
why can\'t windows sell for 2 cents?" Remember that it costs Microsoft to
develop a new program. No matter how cheap a disk is, other costs such as
salaries, factories, storage, and programmers always exist. Even though
development costs are sunk and additional production costs are nonexistent,
other costs are incurred. Besides, supply and demand determines where a price
will fall. Another thing about the computer market is its ever-changing program
market. As I said earlier, anyone with a good program can be successful in the
computer industry. Programs come about all the time. For example, the most
popular finance program is Quicken. Microsoft’s version, Money, is included
with many of its programs yet Microsoft, the multibillion dollar a year company,
has considerably less users than Quicken, with mere tenths and hundredths in
sales than the annual income of Microsoft. Another example is Accessories Paint
compared to Print shop or EXPLORER compared to NAVIGATOR. Microsoft offers its
own products as complements to Windows, often for FREE, but consumers still
prefer others. For all we know, anyone literate in programming may develop a
better program than Windows. If consumers like it, we may soon find another
browser monopolist. For reasons similar to this, computer industry leaders have
vastly changed in just a few years. At times Apple, IBM, Intel, Netscape,

AT&T and even Commodore, have or had large, sometimes monopolist-like
markets. Characteristics of monopolies that cause trouble are (1) restriction of
output, (2) higher prices along with this restriction, (3) restriction of entry
to a particular