Midsummer Night\'s Dream
William Shakespeare, born in 1594, is one of the greatest writers in literature.

He dies in 1616 after completing many sonnets and plays. One of which is "A

Midsummer Night’s Dream." They say that this play is the most purely
romantic of Shakespeare’s comedies. The themes of the play are dreams and
reality, love and magic. This extraordinary play is a play-with-in-a-play, which
master writers only write successfully. Shakespeare proves here to be a master
writer. Critics find it a task to explain the intricateness of the play,
audiences find it very pleasing to read and watch. "A Midsummer Night’s

Dream" is a comedy combining elements of love, fairies, magic, and dreams.

This play is a comedy about five couples who suffer through love’s strange
games and the evil behind the devious tricks. This play begins as Theseus, the

Duke, is preparing to marry Hippolyta. He woos her with his sword. Hermia is in
love with Lysander. Egeus, Hermia’s father, forbids the relationship with

Lysander and orders her to marry Demetrius. Demetrius loves Hermia, but she does
not love him. On the other hand, Helena is in love with Demetrius. To settle the
confusion, Theseus decides that Hermia must marry Demetrius or become a nun. In
retaliation to her father’s command, Hermia and Lysander run away together.

Amidst all the problems in the human world, Titania and Oberon, the fairy queen
and king, continually argue about their various relationships that they have
taken part in. (Scott 336) Titania leaves Oberon as a result of the arguments.

Oberon is hurt and wants revenge on Titania. So he tells Puck, Oberon’s
servant, to put a magic flower juice on her eyelids while she is sleeping. This
potion causes the victim to desperately in love with the first creature that
they see. Oberon’s plan is carried out, but the potion is also placed on

Lysander’s eyes. Lysander awakes to see Helena, who is aimlessly walking
through the woods, and instantly falls in love with her. She thinks that he is
making fun of her being in love with Demetrius, so she leaves and Lysander
follows. This leaves Hermia to wake up alone. Puck now has journeyed to the area
where several actors are rehearsing. He uses his magic to turn one of them into
a donkey, in hopes that Titania will awake to see it. Just as planned, she
awakes and falls in love with the donkey. Oberon and Puck overhear Demetrius and

Hermia arguing about their relationships and realize that they had made a
mistake. In hopes of solving the problem, Puck places magic juice on Demetrius
while he is sleeping. He awakes to Helena, who now has two men in love with her.

Hermia is devastated because Lysander does not love her anymore. Helena and

Hermia argue because Helena thinks that Hermia is in on the men’s "joke."

All four argue and leave. Puck persuades them to sleep all together and more of
the antidote is placed on the eyes of Lysander. Titania also receives another
dose of the potion, and awakes to her husband Oberon. A triple wedding is
planned and everyone is happy. (thinkquest.com 1-3) Throughout the play there
are many references to the gender and sex roles of the characters. As described
in the critical essay by Shirley Nelson Garner, the dominating male power and
strange sex roles of the characters is fluent throughout the play. The ordering
of the fairy, human, and natural worlds is a movement toward satisfying men’s
psychological needs; but it also disrupts women’s bonds with each other. The
argument between Titania and Oberon arises from Titania’s focus of attention
toward a stolen Indian boy. Oberon uses his authority to force Titania to give
up the boy, and he is shocked when she disobeys him and leaves. Her attachment
to the boy is erotic, because she treats him similar to Bottom after she falls
in love with him by a spell. The underlying reason for Oberon’s complaint of

Titania and the boy’s relationship is that he secretly wants the boy for
himself. Oberon takes action because his power is threatened by Titania’s love
for the boy. He needs her too, so he wins the boy for himself to make her feel
inferior. In other words, Titania gave up something that she loved to make her
husband happy. This is seen in everyday life, women give up their wants to make
their men happy. Titania’s sacrifice for Oberon cost her to lose both her

Indian boy and his mother, her women lover. When men don’t make women happy,
they turn to their friends