Mozart
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart was baptized in Salzburg Cathedral on the day after his
birth as Joannes Chrysostomus Wolfgangus Theophilus. The first and last given
names come from his godfather Joannes Theophilus Pergmayr, although Mozart
preferred the Latin form of this last name, Amadeus, more often Amade, or the

Italiano Amadeo. Whatever the case may be, he rarely-if ever-used Theophilus in
his signature. The name Chrysostomus originates from St. John Chrysostom, whose
feast falls on the 27th of January. The name Wolfgang was given to him in honor
of his maternal grandfather, Wolfgang Nikolaus Pertl. He was the seventh and
last child born to musical author, composer and violinist, Leopold Mozart and
his wife Anna Maria Pertl. Only Wolfgang and Maria Anna (whose nickname was ĎNannerlí)
survived infancy. He was born in a house in the Hagenauersches Haus in Salzburg,

Austria, on the 27th of January, 1756. The paternal ancestry of the family has
been traced back with some degree of certainty to Fndris Motzhart, who lived in
the Augsburg area in 1486; the name is first recorded, for a Heinrich Motxhart
in Fischach, in 1331, and appears in other villages south-west of Augsburg,
notably Heimberg, from 14th century. The surname was spelled in variety of
forms, including Moxarth, Mozhrd and Mozer. His motherís family came mainly
from the Salzburg region, but one branch may be traced to Krems-Stein and Wien.

They mostly followed lower middle-class occupations; some were gardeners. 2

Though Mozart did not walk until he was three years old, he displayed musical
gifts at extremely early age. At the age of four, he could reproduce on the
piano a melody played to him; at five, he could play violin with perfect
intonation. According to Norbert Elias, it took all of thirty minutes for Mozart
to master his first musical composition. The work , a scherzo by Georg Christoph

Wagenseiil, had been copied by his father into Nannerlís notebook. Below it

Leopold jotted: "This piece was learned by Walfgangerl on 24 January 1791, 3
days before his 5th birthday, between 9 and 9:30 in the evening". (68) Mozart
and his sister never attended school because their father dedicatedly and
instructed them at home. Besides music, he taught them German, Italian, Latin,
history science, mathematics and law. According to Ruth Halliwell, recognizing
his childrenís special abilities, Leopold began to devote extra effort to
their education-with an emphasis on musical instruction. He became a loving, but
exacting, taskmaster. Some time later, he would somewhat ruefully describe to
correspondent how from a very early age Nannerl and Wolfgang had learned to wear
the "iron shirt" of discipline. The children themselves probably never
relaxed that life could be any different. Wolfgang, no doubt, enjoyed the extra
attention and found great pleasure in learning-and in pleasing his father. It
was the start of relationship that he would never quite break free of, and the
beginning of a career that would consume him altogether.(38} When the
six-year-old Wolfgang had provided his extraordinary talents at the keyboard,

Leopold was keen to exhibit those talents along with those of his gifted
pianistsí daughter, Nannerl. Thus Leopold undertook a four month tour to

Vienna and the 3 surrounding area, visiting every noble house and palace he
could find, taking the entire family with him. Mozartís first know public
appearance was at Salzburg University in September of 1761, when he took part in
theatrical performance with music by Eberlin. Like other parents of this time,

Leopold Mozart saw nothing wrong in exhibiting, or in exploiting, his sonís

God-given genius for music. He took Walfgang and Nannerl to Munchen, for about
three weeks from January 12th, 1762, where they played the harpsichord before
the Elector of Bavaria. No documentation survived for that journey. Later ones
are better served-Leopold was a prolific correspondent and also kept travel
diaries. The next started on September 18th, 1762, when the entire family set
off for Wein; they paused at Passau and Linz where the young Wolfgang gave his
firs public recital at The Trinity Inn, Linz, on October 1st, 1762. Soon
afterwards, he amazed the Empress at Schonbrunn Castel and all her royal guests
with fascinating keyboard tricks; playing with the keys covered with a cloth,
with his hands behind his back, and so on. (Anderson 120). There is also one
funny statistic about Mozart , while in Vienna age the age of six, Mozart
appeared before the Empress Theresa. When he slipped on the floor, the
empressís daughter Marie Antoinette, who was only two month older then Mozart,
helped him up, whereupon he immediately proposed to marry her. She apparently
waited for better offer.