Philippine Education
Philippines, republic in the
western Pacific Ocean, made up of the Philippine Islands and forming in physical
geography a part of the Malay Archipelago. Situated about 1210 km (about 750
mi.) east of the coast of Vietnam, the Philippines is separated from Taiwan on
the north by the Bashi Channel. The republic is bounded on the east by the

Philippine Sea, on the south by the Celebes Sea, and on the west by the South

China Sea. The country comprises about 7100 islands, of which only about 460 are
more than 2.6 sq. km (more than 1 sq. mi.) in area. Eleven islands have an area
of more than 2590 sq. km (more than 1000 sq. mi.) each and contain the bulk of
the population. These islands are Luzon, Mindanao, Samar, Negros, Palawan, Panay,

Mindoro, Leyte, Cebu, Bohol, and Masbate. The total area of the Philippines is
about 300,000 sq. km (about 115,830 sq. mi.). Manila is the capital and largest
city of the Philippines. This geographical condition of the Philippines made it
very accessible and very easy to penetrate by foreign people. THE FILIPINO

CHARACTER It may be said that the Filipinos are intelligent, with retentive
memory, quick perception, and talents for art and science. They also are gentle,
friend] y, and cheerful people, noted for their courtesy and hospitality.

Filipinos are famous not only for their warm hospitality, but also for their
close family ties. The parents work hard and sacrifice much for their children;
in return, the children love and respect them and take good care of them in
their old age. Filipinos owing to their beautiful country are passionately
romantic. They are ardent in love, as they are fierce in battle. They are born
poets, musicians and artists. Filipinos are a liberty-loving and brave people.

They valiantly resisted the Spanish, American and Japanese invaders of their
native land. They rank among the bravest people of the world. Filipino courage
has been proven in the Battle of Mactan (1521), in the Battle of Tirad Pass
(1899), in the battle of Bataan, Corregidor, Bessang Pass during World War II,
and in many other battlefields. Gratitude is another sterling trait of the

Filipinos. They are grateful to those who have granted them favors of who are
good to them. Their high sense of gratitude is expressed in the phrase Utang na
loob (debt of honor). Filipinos are cooperative. They value the virtue of
helping each other and other people. They cherish the ancestral trait of
bayanihan, which means cooperation. In rural areas, when a man is building,
repairing or transferring a house to another place, the neighbors come to help
him. Foreign writers assert that the Filipinos are indolent. In reality they
work hard in the face of very adverse conditions. They work on the farms from
sunrise to sunset, though not from noon to 3 p.m. due to the scorching heat.

They work hard in the sugarcane and pineapple plantations in Hawaii, the fruit
orchards of California, the fish canneries of Alaska, and in the oil wells of

Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, and other Arab countries of the Middle East. Finally, the

Filipinos are noted for their durability and resiliency. Through the ages they
have met all kinds of calamities--revolts, revolutions, wars, earthquakes,
volcanic eruptions, typhoons and epidemics. Unlike the Polynesians of Oceania
and the Indians of North Central and South Americas, they did not vanish by
contact with the white race. They can assimilate any civilization and thrive in
any climate. Against the adversities of life or nature, they merely bend, but
never break. They possess the formidable durability of the narra tree and the
resiliency of the bamboo. BODY TEXT FILIPINO HISTORY, CULTURE AND HERITAGE

EMERGENCE OF THE FILIPINO PEOPLE: Philippine history has often been described as
an amalgam of regional developments and outside influences. Excavations in
archeological sites have proven that during prehistoric times, the native

Negritos came in contact with Malays and Indonesians who left their ancestral
home in Southeast Asia by crossing the seas in their sailboats (balangay), and
settled the Philippine archipelago. Inter-racial marriages took place among them
and out of these racial mixtures emerged the Filipino people. The early Filipino

Malay ancestors brought with them their culture--food and drinks, community
life, government and laws, language and literature, religion, customs and
traditions and arts and sciences. They left their cultures to their descendants,
as the Filipino Malayan inheritance. In the course of the centuries, long before
the Spaniards colonized the Philippines in the 16th century; the native

Filipinos came in contact (by commerce) with Hindus from India, the Chinese and
the Arabs whose civilizations were