Purpose Of Education
The purpose of our modern education: The delicate tools necessary for our
intellectual workshop are achieved by schooling. I suspect that our best tools
are realized rather automatically, but if there is to be outside influence,
then, best it is done early, as the human mind matures all too rapidly. Children
are not consumed with anxiety to learn anything; least of all has it ever
crossed their minds that they must learn English. How shall we teach it to them,
when the few of us who have begun to know what it is know it to be a issue of
accommodations, a thing with which order, method, and all that the developing
mind first apprehends and rests upon have nothing to do with a single word. A
kind of miraculous flowering of man's still unconscious wisdom, preserved to us
as a compensation for our many blunderings, as a reward for our patience in
confusion and our fundamental faith in life. Education might be defined as a
social process by which, skills and beliefs, attitudes and ideas of the previous
generations are passed to the new generation; it is a process, which is
necessary for the maintenance, achievement and development of man in society.

Gerstner States, "in the public schools we have clung tenaciously to the ideas
and techniques of earlier decades and even previous centuries," proving that
each generation depends on the preceding generation. This definition assumes a
biological view of society, one that grows and evolves with each new generation
depending on the growth of previous generations. We all come into this world
uniform, and, from the start, we are obliged to turn to others; and while we
need a lot of help when we are young, nature has compensated by building into
the young a susceptibility to learning. So, no matter what one's view is of what
an educational system should be, most will agree, best to start in while young.

What is the first lesson to be? What each individual needs to know is the
difference between what is naturally right and what is naturally wrong. The
second lesson to be learned, is, that the individual is better off doing what is
naturally right. How does one teach morals? This is an old dilemma, the teaching
of virtue. It is a dilemma largely because virtue is immeasurable. Virtue is
instilled likely by repeated actions, a process of trial and error, beginning at
the mother's knee and to be continued by all those with whom the child has close
connections, and this would certainly include the child's teachers. It takes a
"good" teacher, one full of great skills and a glow for presentation
of the subject; it is particularly difficult when the subject is morals or
virtue. We, adult and child alike, find ourselves in a vast market where the
"Culture Standardizers" provide an immediate and sensual gratification
to all comers. The question before us is, what is the importance of education?

One goal, as Spring states in his book American Education, is to produce
reasonable citizens, ones that "commonly hold a political creed or else
society is doomed to political strife or chaos" Education should be the
essential method of building humane, free, and democratic societies. The aims of
education are many: the transmission of knowledge; training for occupations,
careers, and democratic citizenship; and the encouragement of moral growth.

Dewey states, "the subject matter of education consists of bodies of
information and of skills that have been worked out in the past; therefore, the
chief business of the school is to transmit them to the next generation."

Among its vital purposes should also be an attempt to develop the capacity for
critical intelligence in both the individual and the community. Unfortunately,
the schools today are being increasingly replaced by the mass media as the
primary institutions of public information and education. Although the
electronic media provide unparalleled opportunities for extending cultural
enrichment and enjoyment, there has been a serious misdirection of their
purposes. In some societies, the media serve as the vehicle of propaganda and
indoctrination. In democratic society television, radio, films, and mass
publishing too often cater to the lowest common denominator and have become dull
wastelands. We need to believe that television directors and producers have an
obligation to remedy the balance and revise their programming. The essential
answer to any question usually comes out of its definition. Considering the
definition set out at the first of this section, then, we might say that
essentially that education is a socialization process. Is this best achieved by
public education? By private education? ,