Reflexology
The origins of Reflexology evidently reach back to ancient Egypt as evidenced by
inscriptions found in the physicianís tomb at Saqqara in Egypt. The
translation of the hieroglyphics are as follows: "Donít hurt me."

The practitionerís reply:- " I shall act so you praise me. " We
cannot determine the exact relationship between the ancient art as practiced by
the early Egyptians and Reflexology as we know it today. Different forms of
working the feet to effect health have been used all over the ancient world. Dr.

Riley maintained that this form of healing spread from Egypt via the Roman

Empire. The Zone Theory was the precursor to modern Reflexology which began with

Dr. William H. Fitzgerald, M.D. whom Dr. Edwin Bowers, M.D., encouraged to
publish the many articles he had written on the subject of Zone Analgesia. In
the forward to their combined book, "Relieving Pain At Home" published
in, 1917, he wrote, "Humanity is awakening to the fact that sickness, in a
large percentage of cases, is an error - of body and mind". How true this
has proved to be. Dr. Fitzgerald, was an Ear, Nose and Throat specialist working
at the Boston City Hospital, as well as at St Francis Hospital in Connecticut.

He called his work Zone Analgesia where pressure was applied to the
corresponding bony eminence or to the zones corresponding to the location of the
injury. He also used pressure points on the tongue, palate and the back of the
pharynx wall in order to achieve the desired result of pain relief or analgesia.

He made use of the following tools: elastic bands, clothes pegs and aluminum
combs, on the hands, surgical clamps for the tongue, nasal probes and a regular
palpebral retractor for the pharynx, He was responsible for formulating the
first chart on the longitudinal zones of the body. Dr. Fitzgerald discovered a
very interesting fact, that the application of pressure on the zones not only
relieved pain but in the majority of cases also relieved the underlying cause as
well. The same result is experienced through Reflexology today, which is based
partially on the Zone Theory. Dr. Shelby Riley, M.D. worked closely with Dr.

Fitzgerald and developed the Zone Theory further. It seems that he added
horizontal zones across the hands and feet, together with the longitudinal zones
and thus determining individual reflexes according to the Zone Theory. He, like

Fitzgerald, espoused continual pressure on the reflex or point of contact.

Eunice D. Ingham, a Physical Therapist, worked closely with Dr. Riley and was
fascinated by the concept of Zone Therapy and started developing her foot reflex
theory in the early 1930\'s. She had the opportunity to treat hundreds of
patients where each reflex point of contact had been carefully and thoughtfully
checked and rechecked until with all confidence she was able to determine that
the reflexes on the feet were an exact mirror image of the organs of the body.

Dr. Riley encouraged her to write her first book entitled "Stories The Feet

Can Tell" where she documented her cases and carefully mapped out the
reflexes on the feet as we know them today. This book was published in 1938 and
was later translated into seven foreign languages which spread the benefits of

Reflexology way beyond the borders of the States. The confusion between

Reflexology and Zone Therapy started at this point because the foreign publisher
changed the name of Euniceís book, " The Stories The Feet Can Tell"
to "Zone Therapy" and in some parts of the world it is still thought
of as Zone Therapy. However, there is a distinct difference between the two
therapies. Zone Therapy relies solely on the zones to determine the area to be
worked, whereas Reflexology takes the zones as well as the anatomical model to
determine the area or areas to be worked. After the publication of her book

Eunice Ingham found herself on the program at many health seminars. She traveled
around the country giving book reviews. Only sick and dilapidated people
attended these book reviews/ seminars where she would teach people by working on
them and discuss their particular health problems. As these sick people, whom
everyone else had given up on, got better the word spread and Reflexology became
better known amongst the medical fraternity as well as lay people. In the late

50\'s Dwight Byers started helping Eunice Ingham at her seminars. In 1961 Dwight

Byers and his sister Eusebia Messenger, RN joined their Aunt Eunice teaching at
seminars on a full time basis. Seven years later they became responsible for