Ripple Effects Upon Economy
There are several things that can cause a ripple effect in our economy. There
are economic facts, or things that will happen no matter what, that start to
affect more and more people, until they sooner or later effect everybody. The

Keynesian Transmission Mechanism is a good example of something that has a
ripple effect on everybody. The Keynesian mechanism has three stages, each of
which has an effect on something. The first stage is the increase or decrease in
the supply of money (A-1). The second stage is for the investment to rise or
fall in conjunction with the change of the money supply (B-1). The third and
final stage in the mechanism, is for the total expenditure/aggregate demand
curve to shift accordingly to the both the money supply, and the investment.

There are also some walls that block the mechanism from working, that have
ripple effects on the economy. These include the Liquidity trap, and

Interest-Insensitive Investment. In the first stage of the Keynesian

Transmission Mechanism, the money supply is either raised, or lowered by the

Fed. They do this by buying and selling bonds to the public. If they buy bonds
back, then they are essentially lowering the money supply, where as if they sell
them, then they are raising the money supply. Looking at this alone, one can
predict a rise or a fall in the amount of each individual has due to the
scarcity of money, or the lack there of. This will have a ripple effect on the
economy, because people will save more if they have less, and spend more if they
have more (C-1). For example, if the Fed were to increase the money supply would
cause a surplus of money in the money market. This in turn will have an effect
on the interest rates. The interest rates will lower due to the money surplus
(B-1). Because of the lower interest rate, the AD curve will shift to the right.

This happens due to a drop in the price level because of the lower interest
rate. With the lower interest rate, the price of houses and cars will go down.

This in turn raises total expenditures, and Real GDP. If Real GDP raises, then
the unemployment goes down, do to the inverse relationship between GDP and

Unemployment. Basically this all means that when the money supply increases,
there will be more money in ones pockets. With more money in ones pocket, they
will be more likely to look into and possibly buy a new car or house. The
resurgence of buying power by the public will cause Real GDP to shift to the
right. There are also more people working to get the money. The opposite is also
true (D-1.2.3). If the Fed were to decide to buy back some bonds, then the money
supply would be lowered, causing an increase in the interest rate, which in turn
will shift the AD curve to the left. And because of the leftward shift in the AD
curve, the inverse relationship states that unemployment will be higher. Meaning
that there will be fewer jobs, and more people searching for them. There are two
traps in the Keynesian Transmission Mechanism. The first is called the Liquidity

Trap. This occurs when the Demand for money is at a horizontal position (E-1).

This means that it would not matter if the money supply were to be increased
from S1 to S2, the demand would stay the same. Because of this, there would be
no change in the interest rate, so investment and Real GDP would not be
affected. Basically there would be more money out there, but it wouldn’t be as
needed. The second trap is the Interest-Insensitive Investment. This means that
the investment would not change due to a change in the interest rate. If the
interest rate doesn’t affect the investment, then the investment would not be
able to cause a shift of either left or right of the AD curve. This usually
happens if a firm or a corporation is expecting an increase in the interest
rate, even though it is low at the time. The corporation will not be as likely
to invest knowing that they will get burned later on. Since in either way, you
have an increase in the money supply, there will be a result that affects
everybody. If the money supply is increased, and the AD curve doesn’t shift to
the right, then there will be more money to pay to the same amount of employees.

The opposite is true, if