Short Happy Life Of Francis Macomber
One theme present in Ernest Hemingway's short story, "The Short Happy Life
of Francis Macomber", is that the way a person views his life can change
completely in one fulfilling moment, if only for an instant. This is a story of
a man's continuous display of cowardice, his wife's retaliatory love affair, and
his recovery of integrity and pride as he bravely faces a charging buffalo.

Francis Macomber is a prominent American businessman with a beautiful,
dominating wife who holds the control and power in their marriage. At the start
of their safari trip to Africa, Francis Macomber is regarded as a coward and
endures the embarrassment from his own cowardliness during the hunt, the
disrespect from his wife, as well as a feeling of weakness when compared to

Robert Wilson, his safari leader. He regains his integrity and confidence when
he faces a charging bull only to have his life cut short when his fires a bullet
through the back of his head. At the start of the safari, Francis Macomber must
endure the embarrassment of his own cowardliness during the hunt. He is first
presented in a "mock triumph", since he had only "half an hour
before, been carried to his tent from the edge of the camp in triumph on the
arms and shoulders of the cook, the personal boys, the skinner and the porters.

The gun-bearers had taken no part in the demonstration" (DiYanni 337). This
is evident that Macomber has withdrawn from his prior hunt for a lion and has
already been recognized as a coward in the eyes of the gun-bearers. They do not
wish to pretend along with everyone else that Francis deserves praise for a lion
that he supposedly shot. Macomber, however, does finally shoot a lion during his
second outing with Wilson and his wife. Upon approaching the injured lion hiding
in the tall grasses, "Macomber heard the blood-choked coughing grant, and
saw the swishing rush in the grass. The next this he knew he was running;
running wildly, in panic in the open, running towards the stream" (DiYanni

347). Macomber does here what most any man would do if confrotned by a lion. He
runs. His wife, however criticizes him for what she sees as weakness in her
eyes. Another factor contributing to Francis Macomber's suffering self-esteem is
that he must also withstand the constant disrespect from his own wife, Margot.

She is the power in their marriage and refuses to let him show any type of
influence in their relationship. Margot readily shows everyone around them how
humiliated she is of her husband's actions even at the beginning of the safari
when she shuns her husband's choice of drink. She maintains much control and is
open with her affairs with other men. After the incident with lion and she
witnesses Francis's terrified retreat from the lion, she blatantly "leaned
forward over the low seat and kissed him on the mouth", referring to Robert

Wilson (DiYanni 347). She does not consider any of Francis's feelings. When he
asks her where she has been when she finally returns in the middle of the night
to their tent, she reply's "Out to get a breath of air", to which

Francis reply's "That's a new name for it. You are a bitch"(DiYanni

347). This seems to imply that this is not the first time she has been caught in
an affair. She states that the reason for her behavior is the result of his
cowardice. She turns to other men who demonstrate what she believes to be
strength and bravery. She holds absolutely no respect for her husband, and
insists on accompanying them on the safari even though even Wilson openly
opposes her request and thinks to himself that "women are a nuisance on
safari" (DiYanni 350). Francis Macomber, although wealthier and more
prominent when compared to his safari leader, Robert Wilson, also lacks the
strength and self-knowledge that Wilson seems to carry naturally in order to
survive in the African wildlife. Wilson represents the brave and courageous man
that Francis Macomber wants to become. He is introduced ordering a gimlet and
therefore rejecting Macomber's kind of drink. Macomber feeling ashamed of
himself and unsure of his choice changes his mind and orders the same drink. He
is aware of his self-consciousness and asks Wilson to not talk about an earlier
incident in which he had "bolted like a rabbit." Wilson, at this
point, loses any respect he has at all for Macomber, "so he's a bloody
four-letter man as well as