Tropical Rainforests Of The World

In this term paper, I will explain the great importance of the tropical

Rainforests around the world and discuss the effects of the tragedy of
rainforest destruction and the effect that it is having on the earth. I will
talk about the efforts being made to help curb the rate of rainforest
destruction and the peoples of the rainforest, and I will explore a new topic in
the fight to save the rainforest, habitat fragmentation. Another topic being
discussed is the many different types of rainforest species and their uniqueness
from the rest of the world. First, I will discuss the many species of rare and
exotic animals, Native to the Rainforest. Tropical Rainforests are home to many
of the strangest looking and most beautiful, largest and smallest, most
dangerous and least frightening, loudest and quietest animals on earth. There
are many types of animals that make their homes in the rainforest some of them
include: jaguars, toucans, parrots, gorillas, and tarantulas. There are so many
fascinating animals in tropical rainforest that millions have not even
identified yet. In fact, about half of the worldís species have not even been
identified yet. But sadly, an average of 35 species of rainforest animals are
becoming extinct every day. So many species of animals live in the rainforest
than any other parts of the world because rainforests are believed to be the
oldest ecosystem on earth. Some forests in southeast Asia have been around for
at least 100 million years, ever since the dinosaurs have roamed the earth.

During the ice ages, the last of which occurred about 10,000 years ago, the
frozen areas of the North and South Poles spread over much of the earth, causing
huge numbers of extinctions. But the giant freeze did not reach many tropical
rainforests. Therefore, these plants and animals could continue to evolve,
developing into the most diverse and complex ecosystems on earth. The nearly
perfect conditions for life also help contribute to the great number of species.

With temperatures constant at about 75-80 degrees Fahrenheit the whole year, the
animals donít have to worry about freezing during the cold winters or finding
hot shade in the summers. They rarely have to search for water, as rain falls
almost every day in tropical rainforests. Some rainforest species have
populations that number in the millions. Other species consist of only a few
dozen individuals. Living in limited areas, most of these species are found
nowhere else on earth. For example, the maues marmoset, a species of monkey,
wasnít discovered until recently. Itís entire tiny population lives within a
few square miles in the Amazon rainforest. This species of monkey is so small
that it could fit into a persons hand! In a rainforest, it is difficult to see
many things other than the millions of insects creeping and crawling around in
every layer of the forest. Scientists estimate that there are more than 50
million different species of invertebrates living in rainforests. A biologist
researching the rainforest found 50 different of ants on a single tree in Peru!

A few hours of poking around in a rainforest would produce several insects
unknown to science. The constant search for food , water, sunlight and space is
a 24-hour pushing and shoving match. With this fierce competition, it is amazing
that that so many species of animals can all live together. But this is actually
the cause of the huge number of the different species. The main secret lies in
the ability of many animals to adapt to eating a specific plant or animal, which
few other species are able to eat. An example of such adaptations would be the
big beaks of the toucans and parrots. Their beaks give them a great advantage
over other birds with smaller beaks. The fruits and nuts from many trees have
evolved with a tough shell to protect them from predators. In turn toucans and
parrots developed large, strong beaks, which serves as a nutcracker and provides
them with many tasty meals. Many animal species have developed relationships
with each other that benefit both species. Birds and mammal species love to eat
the tasty fruits provided by trees. Even fish living in the Amazon River rely on
the fruits dropped from forest trees. In turn, the fruit trees depend upon these
animals to eat their fruit, which helps them to spread their seeds to far - off
parts of the forest. In some cases both species are so dependent upon each other
that if one becomes extinct, the other will as well. This nearly happened with
trees that