World War I

The Causes of the War OK, in a nutshell, World War I’s cause went as
far back as the early 1800s. People controlled by other nations began to evolve
people’s feelings of nationalism. The French Revolution of 1789 brought a new
feeling to the word Nationalism. People who spoke French, German, Italian, ext.
felt that they should have a separate government in a country where everyone
spoke the same language. Unfortunately, we can’t please everyone and this
demand they had was something impossible that could be done. As time passed
people began to establish war cults or military alliances. The members from
these groups would discriminate and verbally abuse the people, which didn’t
speak their language. Warmongers criticized at foreign ways of doing things.

Sometimes newspaper stories help spread publicity. Some German leaders strongly
urged commercial & political expansion to the east, mostly in Asia. II-

Military Alliances Military alliances were another of the many causes of World

War I. When the German Empire was united in 1871, Chancellor Otto Von Bismarck
hoped for a period of international peace. He looked for allies to support

Germany. It was then that in 1882 Germany, Austria-Hungary & Italy signed a
treaty called, " The Triple Alliance." The treaty was made to protect them
from attacks from France or Russia. Germany & Italy feared France &

Austria-Hungary feared Russia. The three members of the alliance formed a
powerful block in central Europe. Unfortunately, Austria-Hungary & Italy
were not very friendly. They argued mostly over land and/or territory that Italy
thought they should have. So, both countries competed to see who would take
control of the Adriatic Sea first. When the war broke out in 1914, Italy
didn’t keep their word about the contract they had agreed to in the treaty. It
turns out they had made a secret treaty with France in 1902. As a result of that
they had to remain neutral then declared war on Austria-Hungary. After the

Triple Alliance formed, the rest of the countries in Europe saw that they were
at a disadvantage. The disadvantage was that if there ever was an international
crisis, Great Britain, France & Russia would have to fight for themselves
but the Triple Alliance would have the advantage of acting together as one. Then
in 1894, France signed a defensive alliance with Russia. Then only by itself was

Great Britain. Soon after they faced naval rivalry & growing mercenary with

Germany. In 1904, Great Britain & France reached a cordial understanding or
how you would say in French, "Entente Cordial." By the terms in the
agreement, they settled all the disagreements they had about almost anything
& everything. Most important being colonies. Both nations became partners.

Then France succeeded in bringing Britain and Russia together. In 1907 the two
nations signed the Anglo-Russian Entente," it was kind of like the cordial
agreement that linked France, Russia & Great Britain was called "The

Triple Entente." Men, Battlefronts & Strategy I- Strategy of the War The
chief of the German general staff Count Alfred Von Schlieffen planned a very
little simple strategy in 1905 and changed it in 1912. His plan was that German
armies were to crush France in a campaign by going through Belgium, which was
neutral. Now, the Germans were planning to crush Russia, then planned to make

Britain surrender. Then they would sweep into Asia & yes, they would try and
conquer them too. This guy expected a 2 front war & planned that

Austria-Hungary and some small German force in East Prussia would take the
eastern front. But no. The Allied strategy called for attacks by the French
armies in Lorraine upon the start of the war. OK, so the plan was that. On the

Eastern front it would be Russia trying to invade Germany through East Prussia
and attack Austria-Hungary in Galicia. They hoped to strike westward at Germany
while the Allied Armies went east. The War I- The US enters WWI (1917, 4th year)

Early in 1917, the Central Powers, which consisted of Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria,

Germany & the Ottoman Empire, were at a strong position. They had in control

Montenegro, Poland, Romania, Serbia, most of Belgium & Northern France.

Then, yes, the USA entered the war. And so the tables began to turn in favor of
the Allies. Germany unrestricted Submarine welfare so this caused the US to join
the Allies. The news of the outbreak of the war in 1914 had surprised many

Americans. As a result, President Woodrow Wilson had declared that "the US
would be neutral in fact, as well as in name." When the Germans